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The first giant bird found in Europe lived with the early humans



Experts in the Crimea have discovered a fossil of a giant bird that lived some 1.6 to 1.8 million years ago. The find shows that giant birds have once made their homes in Europe and reveal for the first time that they live north of the equator. It also allows experts to better understand the environment in which the early people lived on the European continent.

The find was made by researchers from the Russian Academy of Sciences. They discovered the fossil record in "The Taurie Cave on the North Coast of the Black Sea" according to CNN. They were warned of the site after being discovered accidentally while working on expanding a motorway in the area. Pre-excavations on the site have led to the discovery of a number of fossils, including mammoth relatives and missing buffaloes.

  A map showing the geographic location of the site and the cave plan. (Lopatin / Newspaper of the Paleontology of Vertebrates)

A map showing the geographic location of the fossil fuel habitat and the cave plan.

A Giant Bird in Prehistoric Europe

They then encountered a very unusual fossil of a very large 15-inch (45 cm) femur. The Smithsonian.com cites Nikita Zelenkov, a paleontologist who runs the bone study team: "It was the most surprising part of me, so incredible that we did not expect that." Zelenkov and his colleagues soon find out that he belongs to a new species of giant bird, which they temporarily call Pachystruthio dmanisensis. The thighs of Pachystruthio dmanisensis, a missing giant bird (panels A, C, E, F) and a modern common ostrich (Struthio camelus) (panels B, D). (Zelenkov / Newspaper of paleontology of vertebrate animals) "class =" media-image "height =" 370 "style =" width: 610px; height: 370px; "width =" 610 "typeof =" foaf: Image "src =" https://www.ancient-origins.net/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/The-femurs-of- Pachystruthio-dmanisensis.jpg? Itok = sNRNI6jd "/>

The femur bones of Pachystruthio dmanisensis, missing giant bird (panels A, C, E, F) and modern ostrich (Struthio camelus)

They apparently discovered the first evidence of the existence of a vast bird that lived in Europe, and reported that based on "the dimensions of the bones , researchers have estimated that the bird's body weight is about sex ton

This means it may have been the biggest bird ever to have lived in the Northern Hemisphere and the "third largest bird ever recorded," according to Smithsonian.com. 1.5 to 1.9 million years ago based on the other fossils found in the vicinity.

The bird species were very high about 12 feet (4 meters) tall and they were herbivores. The bird was too big to fly, but on the basis of the thin femur, somewhat reminiscent of a huge ostrich, it could move at considerable speeds, at least briefly. This probably allows him to live in the harsh environment of time. His ability to move quickly meant he could escape from the ferocious Pleistocene predators like "giant cheetahs, hyenas and saber-cats," according to Nova.

  A giant bird can move at considerable speeds to escape predators like the jagged tiger. The giant bird can move at considerable speeds to escape predators like the saber-toothed tiger. (19659006) </em><em> A new look at the ancient environment </h2>
<p>  The fossil record provokes the view that giant birds are not part of the European environment in the distant past. These giants may have grown to such an enormous size because they had to adapt to the increasingly dry conditions. Its volume would allow him to digest raw plants that are low in nutrition and grow in a dry environment. Dating the bird means that they may have lived at the same time that the first humans (Homo erectus) arrived in Europe. They migrated to the Middle East continent through the Caucasus region, probably the same route was adopted by a giant bird species. This scenario raises important questions for researchers, especially as to how they have disappeared. </p>
<h2>  The giant bird was hunted by the early humans </h2>
<p>  The arrival of the early humans may mean that the towering birds must fight another predator. H. erectus may have been attracted to the flesh and feathers of Pachystruthio dmanisensis. It is possible that the first people in Europe will destroy the species. Just as the giant bird, Moa, was haunted by Maori in New Zealand. To prove this theory, some bones of high quality birds with cut or burned traces can prove they were hunted by the early humans. Homo erectus may have hunted giant birds. (Tim Evanson / CC BY-SA 2.0) "class =" media-image "height =" 667 "style =" width: 577px; height: 667px; "width =" 577 "typeof =" foaf: Image "src =" https://www.ancient-origins.net/sites/default/files/Homo-erectus-may-have-hunted-the- gemant-birds.jpg "/> </p>
<p align= Homo erectus may have hunted giant birds. Although it is quite possible that the species has disappeared due to human predation, there may be other factors that have led to his death and extinction, Nova, quotes Zelenkov, pointing out that the possible causes of the bird's disappearance are "a combination of pressure from a changing climate, predation and disease"

The fossil will be compared to a similar bone found The Republic of Georgia to learn more about the giant bird – it was a very complex being and could help us understand the Pleistocene environment – this can help us understand the world in which the early people of Europe lived. H. erectus has caused huge birds to disappear is one who needs further research. The study and its findings are published in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology

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Top images: Pachystruthio dmanisensis New species of giant birds have been discovered. Source: nicolasprimola / Adobe Stock.

By Ed Whelan


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