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The Hot Wave 2019: Time in Paris Directed To Record While Europe Bakes

A woman presents with balloons in front of the Eiffel Tower in Paris on Thursday, when the heat waves hit the French capital. (19459018) Foreign correspondent focused on French and European politics and culture

Andrew Friedman

Editorial focuses on extreme climate change, science and the environment. 1969004] PARIS – Europe suffered a second devastating heat wave on Thursday, with life-threatening temperatures breaking the records across the continent.

The last heat wave is one of the most intense in history, breaking the highest values ​​for all time in Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. Some of them stayed for only one day and were beaten Thursday, when the temperature rises even higher than France to the north in the UK and east to Germany.

London and Paris are flooded during their hottest days with many other cities Temperatures in the French capital reached jaw-falling 108.3 degrees Fahrenheit (42.4 degrees Celsius) shortly after 15.00. local time, according to Météo-France, the National Meteorological Service, interrupting the previous record of 104.7F (40.4C) set in 1947

"No one is safe at such temperatures," says Anes Bussin, France. "This is the first time that this affects the northern part of the country. , populations that are not used to such heat. "Heat waves are a serious problem for older and sick people," said Anton Hofrett, leader of the German Green Party in Parliament, who said the government of Chancellor Angela Merkel did not do enough to support the affected and quote France as a role model

Twenty administrative departments of France – from Paris to the north to the English Channel – were put at the highest level of worry, Elizabeth Bourne, France's Sustainable Development Minister, urged citizens to cancel or postpone all unnecessary travels during the heat wave, which is expected to continue until Friday, SNCF, France's state-owned railway company, has allowed customers to exchange or cancel for free all Thursday's trips to the 20 most affected northern regions

where the government activated a "red" hotspot signal for the hot weather for the first time some regional trains also did not work because the equipment could not withstand the heat.

Mercury in Belgium reached 103.8F on Wednesday, the hottest since the recordings began to be stored in 1833, and temperatures were expected.

Heading for heat – in historic cities without widespread air conditioning, especially in homes – has become the new norm in Europe.

In much of Europe air conditioning is often seen as a luxury, and even an American-style leniency. But this is changing, says Sacha Gaillard, a technician from the French company Les Bons Artisans, who, among other things, is installing air conditioners.

People gather at the Saint-Martin Canal in Paris on July 23, 2019, the new heat wave falls into Europe. (AFP / Getty Images)

"We are in a situation where people can not live," he said, noting that France's air conditioning business has increased exponentially over the past five years. "[People] can not sleep in their apartments. Air conditioning is no longer comfort. This is a necessity. As if people did not have heat in the winter. "

Despite widespread suffering during these increasingly frequent heat waves, there is still resistance to the view that air conditioning is a necessity. Some still see air conditioning primarily as a threat to the environment – just the wrong answer to crippling heat waves caused by climate change.

There are also bureaucratic concerns. Many residential buildings in cities like Paris are centuries old and are historically classified landmarks. Their facades can not easily be changed without the express permission of the City Hall or the Architectural Union under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture. "Nine out of ten times you can not break through the walls," said James Devlin. a Briton who runs James' Clim, an air conditioning installation in Paris. He said that because the restrictions in Paris are extensive, most of his installations are carried out in the suburbs and surroundings.

"If a building is not listed, they are still very limited. You do not have a place to place the device on the exterior, "he said.

There is also the price: for a family apartment in Paris of about 100 square meters or 1,070 square meters, Devlin said that the installation of air conditioning can cost from 12,000 up to 16,000 euros (13,300 to 17,700 dollars), but in the past five to six months, he said, he has a plant almost every day.

Meanwhile, cities coordinate improvised measures for residents to cool off. For example, Paris has designated air-conditioned rooms in every area or neighborhood, as well as outdoor swimming areas and parks open 24 hours a day. In Europe, the historic heat wave breaks the records with amazing ease, it can speed Arctic melting Long-term, man-made climate changes make extraordinary heat events such as these more likely to occur, more stringent and longer-lasting, according to numerous scientific studies. For example, a recent scientific analysis that has not yet been published in renowned scientific journals shows that the heat wave in Europe in early summer was at least five times more likely to emerge in the current climate than if it were [scale2019isabouttobeoneofthefivehottestyearssincerecordkeepingbeganinthelate19thcenturyAndpartlybecauseofthehotweatherinEuropeJulycanberankedasthehottestmonthintherecordJune2019wasthehottestJunetodate

The cause of this heat wave is a large high pressure area known as the "heat dome" that temporarily redirects the typical stream of the jet and allows hot air. from Africa to the north. This time function is unusually intense, allowing the temperature records of all times to fall in the hottest of the year when such records are usually so high that they are hard to remove.

The time that is responsible for this event is similar to the one that brought record heat to parts of Europe at the end of June in early July. However, this will migrate to northeast in Scandinavia, with Norway and Sweden at the end of the weekend raising records and then raising Arctic temperatures by accelerating the melting of anemic sea ice.

A woman cools in the Trocadero fountains in Paris on July 22, 2019. (AFP / Getty Images)

The rise in temperature also warms the political climate. the Green Party – which has become a major political force, partly because of its drive to reduce emissions and combat climate change – to prepare Germany for future heat waves. In its policy paper, the Green Party employees offer a "home office right" for all employees and "the right to get a free day in case of hot weather" for employees working outside. a visit by Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg to France earlier this week. She turned to the National Assembly on Tuesday, uttering a speech that sparked calls for boycotts by right-wing politicians.

"You do not have to listen to us," said Thunberg in his address, "but you have to listen to science."

Freidman reports from Washington, Rick Noak in Berlin, Jennifer Hassan in London and Michael Birnbaum in Riga,

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