(CNN) – Long known for its grand architecture, coves of green spaces and traditional cafes – and now Vienna has a reputation for something even more comfortable.
The Austrian capital has been ranked the world's most populous city for the second year in a row, topping the table with near-perfect results for stability, culture and the environment, education and infrastructure and healthcare.
“Coming from Manhattan, it was hard to slow down, but I love Vienna's pace. It is relatively quiet, clean and culturally plentiful and I have never felt more secure in Europe or the United States. I thought I would never get used to having stores closed on a Sunday, but it changed my life – people are actually resting here, and personal life is as important as work. "
Although the top 10 are dominated by Australia, Canada and Japan, Europe overall performed well. Eight of the top 20 cities are in Northern Europe, with Copenhagen following Vienna in the top 10 and Zurich, Frankfurt and Geneva occupying points 11, 12 and 14.
Helsinki, Amsterdam and Hamburg also made the top 20, while Berlin and Luxembourg ranked 21 and 23.
Honolulu was the highest-ranked American city of 22, such as Atlanta, Pittsburgh, Seattle and Washington are in the top 40. Chicago is ranked 41.
London and New York are ranked respectively 48 and 58. Both are highly regarded for culture, but reduced by their lower performance for infrastructure and stability, with a higher risk of crime and terrorism.
Paris "The degree of stability has also collapsed thanks to Guile jaunes anti-government protests. It fell six places from last year's ranking of 26.
Singapore came in at 40 and Dubai at 70. Hong Kong was ranked 38 – the lists were drawn up before the recent political upheavals. Cairo and New Delhi have been downgraded due to environmental issues such as poor air quality and inadequate water supply.
Damascus, in Syria, was rated the least habitable city in the world, followed by Lagos, Nigeria and Dhaka, Bangladesh. Venezuela's capital, Caracas, was rated the tenth most vibrant city.
Karachi, Tripoli and Harare are also represented at the bottom 10.
The most habitable cities in the world 2019
1. Vienna, Austria
2. Melbourne, Australia
3. Sydney, Australia
4. Osaka, Japan
5. Calgary, Canada
6. Vancouver, Canada
7. Toronto, Canada
7. Tokyo, Japan
9. Copenhagen, Denmark
10. Adelaide, Australia
The least living cities in the world 2019
1. Damascus, Syria
2. Lagos, Nigeria
3. Dhaka, Bangladesh
4. Tripoli, Libya
5. Karachi, Pakistan
6. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
7. Harare, Zimbabwe
8. Douala, Cameroon
9. Algeria, Algeria
10. Caracas, Venezuela