If you failed initially, try and try again. Such is the philosophy of Jose Maria Madido, an astronomer at the University of Huelva, Spain, who for 1
The very expected solar eclipse of Super Blood Wolf Moon on Monday, though badly called, does not disappoint. Millions of people stared at the night sky or video channels to see a stunning copper-red hue embracing the natural moon on our planet. When the blackout on Jan. 21 unfolded, however, some observers noticed a small flash while watching online broadcasts, New Scientist reported. Some suspect that the flash is caused by a meteorite – and it turns out they were right.
Jose Madido confirmed these suspicions, wrote that a lunar stroke happened at 5:41 pm During the Spanish Peninsula. A picture published by Maddox clearly shows a yellowish-white point appearing in the shaded left quadrant of the moon during the entire darkening phase. Before the astronomers have captured the effects of the Moon, this is the first time a lunar strike has been captured during a lunar eclipse – an achievement of more than 20 years.
Astronomers initially systematically watched the shock stroke in 1997, which turned into a Moon Detection and Analysis System or MIDAS, a study conducted by the University of Huelva and the Andalusian Institute of Astrophysics. Madido joined the project in 2008. Using astronomical data from various observatories, MIDAS used software to identify the moment the meteorite hit the darkened parts of the moon surface. Thus, these flashes are well opposite to the darker background, "Maddox explained to Gizmodo. "So, we usually observe the Moon about five days after the New Moon and about five days before the New Moon. We also observe during lunar eclipses, because during these eclipses the moon is dark.
Telescopes used by MIDAS are equipped with high-sensitivity video cameras and record video continuously during the observation session. These videos are then analyzed by software that automatically identifies the flashes of the moon impact and calculates their position on the Moon. Madiedo said the system can detect the moment of the impact flash with an accuracy of about 0.001 seconds. Since 2015, the team has applied photometric filters to some of their telescopes, allowing them to determine the temperature of these flashes. As noted, MIDAS (before yesterday) never captured a meteor impact during a complete lunar eclipse – but not for lack of experience.
Maddo said he does not know the exact number of eclipses that MIDAS has been watching so far, but if time allows, he says that every lunar eclipse has been observed since the beginning of the study. Other groups have also tried to find lunar flashes during an eclipse, Maddox said, but no one has succeeded – so far.
"When the Auto Detect software alerted me to a bright flash, I jumped out of my chair."
Usually, Maddox's team uses four moon observation telescopes, but this time they decided to use eight. Considerable work is needed to create and test new tools.
"I spent almost two days sleeping, including observation during the eclipse," Maddox told Gizmodo. "But I made extra effort to prepare the new telescopes, because I had the feeling that this time would be" time ", and I did not want to miss the striking lightning.A tool had a technical problem and failed.I was exhausted when the eclipse was over, but when the auto detection software alerted me to a bright flash, I jumped out of my chair, which was a very exciting moment because I knew such a thing had never been recorded so far. "
Maddox said the chances of a shot of such a magnitude are about once every seven to ten days His team has not yet analyzed all the data, but the preliminary assumption is that the object, possibly a small asteroid, is about 10 kilograms in diameter.
By studying these waves, scientists can acquire better static data on the velocity of the lunar impacts and hence the speed at which the Earth's atmosphere is flooded by objects of similar size.
In a similar note, a recent study suggests that the speed of large asteroidal effects on Earth has increased about 290 million years ago. This conclusion is reached by exploring the history of the impact craters on the moon surface. Our Moon may not look anything like Earth, but when it comes to heavenly effects, we have a common history.