Enlarge / The dolmens were partially exposed by low water in 2012
By Pleonr – Own Work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=81714965 Referred to19659016 Covered in Spain's Drowned Past
Near Roman settlement, the town of Augostóbriga, also lies immersed in the tank. The locals probably still used the monument while the Romans occupied the area. "Other Iberian and European megalithic funerary monuments show usages or rituals of dolmens in Roman times," Ramirez told Ars, though she added that there was no direct evidence of rituals in Guadalperal during Roman times. Aubermeier excavations in the 1920s reveal a Roman coin and the remains of a small hut on the mound around Guadalperal.
The Dolmen and the Roman city are just fragments of the ancient landscape of Spain, drowned under tanks built by order of dictator Francisco Franco in the 1960s. In Guadalperal, the Valdekanyas Dam blocks the Tagas River to create the Valdekanyas Dam. "In this Tagus reservoir we have Roman cities and bridges, Iberian boars, medieval water mills, and plenty of megalithic sites," Ramirez explained. "These underwater sites offer a unique image of the landscape in the 1960s, when agriculture in Spain was not yet mechanized and the ancient sites were completely preserved."
As a result of the construction of the dam, the same has happened all over the country, without regard to the preservation or even documentation of the archeological sites that are being flooded. "This interest in the Guadalperal valleys allows us to bring to the table a problem little known even in Spain: the need to create an inventory of underwater sites and comprehensive documentation of those sites and their heritage values with compensation for areas where this is It happened, "Ramirez told Ars.
This year, drought conditions may make this kind of exploration in some places easier, but it also means that sites like the Guadalperal valleys are exposed to tourists whose foot traffic and the study can And Guadalperal is just one good rainstorm away from disappearing underwater again for a few more years – and it could be in worse shape.
The flood was not of the porous granite of the mechirah, much of it which show signs of erosion and some of them are starting to crack. Some stones that stood in the 1920s have since fallen. Due to these concerns, a heritage organization in Spain called Raices de Paraleda is advocated moving the monument to a higher place o
But relocation efforts would be costly and risk erasing important information about the context of artifacts and structures, which may tell archaeologists how ancient people built and used the site. "Before making any decision, it is essential that you have information about the archaeological context and the area around the monument," Ramirez told Ars. "It is also important to consider all the legal issues affecting this case."
Even if the mere movement of the dolmen is possible, it still leaves other places, such as the Roman city of Augustostobrig, all washed away.