The United States announced sanctions against military commander Myanmar Min Aun Hline and three other military leaders because of their role in the ethnic cleansing of the Rochinga minority.
The State Department said Tuesday that it had taken action after finding credible evidence that they had participated in the violence two years ago, which led to Rohingya 740,000 escaping across the border to Bangladesh.
"With this announcement, the United States is the first government to act publicly on the top management of the Burmese army, State Secretary Mike Pompey said in a statement."
"We remain concerned that the Burmese Government has not undertaken no action to take responsibility for those who are responsible for human rights abuses and abuses. long reports on Burmese military executed human rights abuses and abuses throughout the country, "he added.
Deputy Chief Commander Soe Win, Brigadier General Tan Oo and Brigadier General Aun Aung, as well as the families of all four officers
are also sanctioned.
Buddhist majority Muslims refuse to provide mainly Muslim roghing citizenship or fundamental rights and call them "Bengali", concluding that rohings are unregistered immigrants from Bangladesh. Genocide and the International Criminal Court began a preliminary investigation.
Pompeo echoed the conclusion of his predecessor Rex Tillerson in 2017 that murders were "ethnic cleansing" – until the term "genocide" was used.
Pompeo was particularly outrageous that in May, Myanmar ordered the release of seven servicemen convicted of killing the peasants in the Royah serving less than two people.
He called it "a brilliant example of continuing and severe lack of accountability for military and senior management."
Sanctions in particular do not affect Aung San Suu Kyi, a former political prisoner who has become a de facto civilian ruler of the country.
The Nobel laureate has been criticized for "indifference" to the atrocities committed by the militants against Rohinga, considered the "most persecuted minority in the world."
Sanctions are the most visible sign of the disappointment of the United States of Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, after political reforms began in 2011, with the military rulers allied with Washington and finally
Matthew Smith, co-founder and CEO of Fortify Rights, welcomed the sanctions, The United States can do more.
"This is good news if this is the first measure that the United States is going to take to deal with the genocide in Myanmar against the people of Rohing." That's bad news if that's all that Secretary Pompeo and the US administration plan to do. We hope they will do more, "said Smith of Al Jazeera, Washington." The impact [of the sanctions] can be serious. This would charge those persons with international prosecutors, for example, the International Criminal Court, and give a break to the business leaders going to Myanmar in the military business.
Erin Murphy, a former State Department official closely linked to the thaw of US relations with Myanmar, said the ban would affect not so directly the generals, but their children or grandchildren who want to come to the United States as tourists or students
While saying that the travel ban is an instrument to encourage change, she doubts that this will change the attitude towards the Rohing, who are "a nearly degrading population."
You are talking about changing deeply xenophobic and racist is attitudes and travel ban alone will not change that, "said Murphy, founder and director of Inle advisory group, specializing in Myanmar.
Talking about change Deep-held xenophobic and racist attitudes and just one travel ban will not change that.
Erin Murphy, expert from Myanmar
Last year, the United States imposed sanctions on younger Myanmar security officers, although the effect was wider, with economic constraints.
A State Department study published last year describes the violence against Rohinga as "extreme, large, widespread and seemingly targeted both to terrorize the population and expel the people of the Rocking", including the widespread rape and the burning of the villages.
Doctors without Borders estimated that at least 6,700 rohings were killed
The Myanmar army denied almost all violations and said it responded to the armed Rohinga rebels.