The re-activation of the political opposition between Nicola Maduro and his vocal and inspired opponents turned the international community's eyes to the humanitarian and economic situation of Venezuela, increasing the pressure on the socialist leader. political leadership after congress chief Juan Guyado declared himself a temporary head of state on Wednesday and demanded democracy and free elections – to quickly win the diplomatic support of the United States. Maduro, however, is supported by Russia and China.
"The citizens of Venezuela have suffered too long in the hands of the illegal regime, Maduro," said President Donald Trump in a tweet that officially recognizes Guaido as a temporary president.
"The people of Venezuela bravely spoke against Maduro and his regime and demanded freedom and the rule of law," he said in a statement by the White House.
Venezuela's opposition LEADER DECLARES THE INTERNATIONAL PRESIDENT IN MADURO'S APPLICATION
In a seemingly coordinated and united front, Canada and some Latin American and European countries have repeated President Trump, saying they support Guido's request to the presidency.
Venezuelan people are boldly working for a free future for their country, "a spokesman for the German government, Steffen Seibert writes on Thursday. "This requires a political process that leads to free and reliable elections."
Maduro, who began his second term as president on January 11 after highly contested elections and accusations of undemocratic actions, responded in kind. He broke off his diplomatic relations with the United States – his largest trading partner for the oil exporting country – and recalls the long history of the heavy US interventions in Latin America.
"Do not trust the gangs" a crowd of supporters of red coats gathered in front of the presidential palace. "They have no friends or loyalists. They have only interests, courage and ambition to take Venezuela's oil, gas and gold. "
Washington said it would ignore the order to remove its diplomats for 72 hours.
Maduro has received the support of China, Iran, Syria, Cuba, Turkey and Russia – who praised the opposition as a "coup attempt" supported by the United States
MADURO, RELATED TO VENEZUEL RELATIONS WITH US
Russia supports Maduro with supplies and loans. Maduro visited Moscow in December, seeking political and financial support to Russia. Over the last decade, China has given Venezuela $ 65 billion in loans, cash and investment. Venezuela owes more than $ 20 billion.
"My brother Maduro! Stay Strong, We're Near You, "said President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Maduro's phone on Thursday.
The European Union called on the Venezuelan authorities to respect Guaido's "civil rights, freedom and safety," but stopped "On 23 January the Venezuelan people massively called for democracy and the possibility of defining their own destiny, which can not be ignored "said EU foreign policy chief Federica Moguri. "The EU urges the start of an immediate political process leading to free and credible elections, in accordance with the constitutional order."
The UN Secretary-General called for dialogue and says violence or escalation should be avoided. "It is absolutely essential to have dialogue, to avoid violence and to avoid escalation," UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres told the World Economic Forum in Davos. 3] MADURO OF VENZUELA SECOND AGAINST THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC CRISIS DEVELOPING INTERNATIONAL INSULATION
Tension began to rise earlier this month when Maduro swore for a second six-year term, elections last May that many in the region say is not free or honest because its strongest opponents have been forbidden to flee.
The attack on Maduro's rule came after large crowds gathered in Caracas, waving flags and chanting "Exit, Maduro!" In the biggest demonstration after a wave of riots that left more than 120 dead in 2017
There were no signs that the security forces called for Guaido to join the Maduro movement and go easily to demonstrators
Marco Ponce, Coordinator of the Venezuelan Human Rights Watch Observatory on Social Conflict, at least 12 showers were killed as a whole, they are given names, but no details of other cases. the traditional arbiter of the political disputes in Venezuela – to which Guyado has directed his message.
35-year-old Guido has an almost impossible task to pass the transition of power without control over important state institutions and armed
Several generals, each standing behind the ranks of uniformed officers, appeared on state television on Thursday to express their loyalty to the president. Venezuela, when exercising a free and secret ballot, chose citizen Nicola Maduro Moros as their president, "Major General Manuel Gregorio Bernal said.
Maduro relies heavily on the military to preserve his power in the face of growing economic difficulties and the humanitarian crisis in the country. "Although it is true that Guyado is internationally recognized, the true power of the state is still in the hands of Nicholas Maduro." Ronald Rodriguez, a political science professor who focuses on Venezuela at Rosario University in Bogota, said about Reuters. Nicole Dara, Holly McKay and Associated Press contributed to this report