After months of planning, the introduction of “warp speed” of the US governmentthere are vaccines instead threatening to prolong local blockades and increase the number of victims of the virus in America.
Yet a month in the effort – the largest inoculation device in American history – some states are moving fast to vaccinate their populations, according to government data reviewed by CBS MoneyWatch. Other parts of the country are lagging behind.
West Virginia has allocated nearly 90% of its supplies for the first vaccine and is expected to be completed in two doses by the end of January. Firefighters, police and EMTs in the state ̵
Many other countries are struggling to phase out vaccination efforts. In general, less than a third of all doses that were distributed throughout the country (and throughout the United States), or 10.3 million of the nearly 30 million are given to humans.
CBS MoneyWatch spoke with health experts, government officials and hospital administrators in the United States to find out what works – and doesn’t work – in the rush to vaccinate Americans against the deadly disease. Which countries manage to get doses in the arms of their residents? Which countries are still struggling? And why?
Here are some lessons so far in Americaroll out, spread out.
Countries that are lagging behind
Among the most populous states in the country, Georgia, Virginia and California are the most remote in the spread of the vaccine among the population. According to the latest CDC data, Georgia has administered less than 20% of the vaccine doses delivered to the state – the lowest percentage of all states in America.
Last week, Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp opened vaccinations for residents aged 65 and over, as well as police and others in response, to speed up efforts beyond the initial recruitment of shotguns and nursing home residents. For now, however, this creates more problems. A website in the state has scheduled vaccinations for 4 a.m. or four hours before the Atlanta photo site opens. Other vaccine planning websites are collapsing.
Strict adherence to the CDC’s guidelines that health workers are vaccinated for the first time seems to be one of the problems plaguing many countries that are lagging behind. For example, officials in Virginia initially said the state would not move to the next stage of vaccinations until February. Although that date has increased since then, Virginia still administers less than 25 percent of its vaccine supply.
California, which has administered only 26% of the available vaccines in the state, has also launched mass vaccination sites,– and this week opened eligibility for a vaccine for residents aged 65 and over.
Other lagging countries relied too much on unverified distribution networks, experts said. Arkansas, for which CDC data show it has administered only 33% of its stocks, includes more than 200 pharmacies in its initial vaccination plans. That’s a mistake, said Dr. Cam Patterson, chancellor of the University of Arkansas School of Medical Sciences, which runs the state’s hospitals and treatment centers.
Officials in Arkansas and some other states are challenging the CDC’s figures. Dr Jennifer Dilaha, who is leading the state’s immunization efforts, said her state had received fewer doses than the health agency said, and that they had introduced 41% of the vaccine they had received by Wednesday afternoon. Dillaha added that pharmacies had delays, while noting that their inclusion was part of the state’s long-term plan.
“We want our immunization infrastructure to be stronger than after the pandemic,” Dilaha said.
Countries in front of the curve
Many public health experts have warned beforethat U.S. rural areas would have unfavorable conditions in front of cities when the vaccine was distributed. However, less populated states such as North Dakota, South Dakota and West Virginia are among those that do better at vaccinating their residents.
West Virginia has distributed nearly 70% of all vaccine doses it has received from the federal government, according to the latest CDC data, ranking first among states ranked by this measure. About 110,000 doses of vaccine have been given in the mountainous state, or nearly the same amount as has been given so far in Wisconsin, which has tripled the population.
The difference: West Virginia, unlike other states, has relied heavily on its National Guard to lead other government agencies in vaccination efforts, as well as to transport doses where needed. It was also the only country to abandon the nationwide national home vaccination program for the elderly, developed by the CDC and run by drugstore chains CVS and Walgreens, which many say is progressing slowly.
West Virginia has also vaccinated various at-risk and major populations of workers, such as those over 70, police and firefighters, and those working in key manufacturing sectors, aged 50 and over, instead of reserving all their doses to health workers. .
“We took 10,000 square meters of the National Guard headquarters and turned it into a command center with representatives from all levels of government,” said Major General James Hoyer, who withdrew from the National Guard earlier this month but remained a civilian. person to continue to drive vaccination efforts against West Virginia against COVID-19. “Young soldiers and airmen are spreading the vaccine across the state. We manage this just like a military convoy.”
South Dakota has taken a different approach. The state partners with its three major health networks, dividing the state and allowing medical facilities to manage distributions on their own, according to Dr. David Basel, head of vaccination efforts at Sioux Falls-based Avera Medical, one of three medical groups in the state this is getting a vaccine.
This seems to work. South Dakota administered nearly 60 percent of the vaccine provided by the US government. “Our biggest problem was the weather,” Basel said a week later, when the state faced 20-degree temperatures and more than one snowfall. “One of our first shipments erupted in a snowstorm. A truck ended up in a ditch, but we pulled it out in time and not a single vaccine broke.”
How each country is doing
The figures below are based on status data and the CDC as of January 13th. The percentages represent the number of vaccines administered relative to the number of doses received from each country. The average for the United States is 35%. (In some cases, recent CDC numbers may not include state or local data, which may be several days behind.)
|State / Territory / Federal entity||% of the vaccine administered|
|Department of Defense||34%|
|District of Columbia||48%|
|Federated States of Micronesia||6%|
|Indian Health Service||26%|
|New York State||35%|
|Northern Mariana Islands||22%|
|Republic of Palau||12%|