Traumatic brain injuries among children and teenagers in the United States are most commonly associated with everyday consumer products and activities such as home furnishings and gadgets or sports, according to a new study
About 72% of traumatic visits to brain injuries linked with children, are due to consumer products, the study published in the Brain Trauma magazine on Monday found.
The study found that the top 10 leading products contributing to non-fatal traumatic brain injuries in children under the age of 19 are:
-  Traumatic brain injury or TBI occurs when a sudden trauma – such as a stroke, stroke or stroke – causes brain damage. The new study includes national estimates of approximately 4.1 million non-fatal traumatic brain injuries in children and adolescents in the United States between 2010 and 2013. Data comes from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and the National Electronic Surveillance System injuries – All injuries.
Data show that the most common product groups associated with TBI in children are associated with sports and recreation, which is associated with 28.8% of the injuries; home furnishings and bodies tied to 17.2% of the injuries; house constructions and building materials associated with 17.1% of the injuries; childcare room, 2.7% injuries, and 2.4% toys, among other products.
"Irregular flooring and prefabricated stairs often contribute to falls. Sliding, lowering and falling are very common. Some falls can cause serious head injuries, "said Bina Ali, a researcher at the Pacific Ocean Research and Assessment Institute in Maryland, who is the first author to study.
Traumatic brain injuries from home furnishings and bodies, mostly beds, were highest among infants and children up to 4 years of age. While traumatic brain injuries from sports and recreation – especially football, bicycles and basketball – were highest among children aged 5 to 19 years.
"The results were not very surprising. Babies and younger children are often indoors, so we see the leading causes of head injuries are home furnishings and fittings, "said Ali.
" One interesting discovery was that car stools are the fifth leading cause of traumatic head injuries in infants, she said. "Car seats are effective to prevent injuries to infants when properly used in cars, but sometimes car seats are used outside the car as baby carriers when working with them and incorrectly, they can pose a risk. "
For example, she said, a car seat can be placed on a table or counter where there is a risk of falling and injuring the baby.
The new study has some limitations, including the fact that the severity of these injuries has not been investigated and the data includes only patients admitted to emergency wards.
Researchers recommend strategies to prevent TBI in children at home, including removing dangers such as carpets in the area; improving lighting; avoiding sites for hard surfaces; increasing use of home security devices such as stair gates; and the use of rails for stairways without sharp edges among other strategies.
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention last year issued a set of guidelines for diagnostics, treatment and long-term care for children and teenagers with traumatic brain injuries.  Guidelines include requiring healthcare providers to avoid routine imaging tests for children who have mild TBIs using a age-appropriate symptom scale to diagnose disturbances, assessing risk factors that would signal a prolonged rehabilitation, providing children and their parents with instructions on how to return to activities based on their symptoms and to advise children to gradually return to non-sports activities after no more than two or three days rest.