WASHINGTON – President Trump announced on Tuesday that he fired John R. Bolton, his third national security adviser, on Tuesday amid fundamental differences over how to deal with major foreign policy challenges such as Iran, North Korea and more recently Afghanistan. .  "I announced to John Bolton last night that his services were no longer needed in the White House," the president wrote on Twitter . "I did not agree with many of his proposals, as did others in the administration, so I asked John for his resignation, which I was given this morning. Thank you very much John for his service. ”
In response to a question by The New York Times via text message, Mr. Bolton said it was his initiative. "I offer last night without asking," he writes. "I slept on it and gave it to him this morning."
Mr. Trump did not name a successor, but said he would appoint someone "next week," starting a process that should reveal where the president wants to take his foreign policy the rest of the time before next year's election.
The dismissal of the National Security Advisor is so abrupt it was announced just an hour after the White House scheduled a 14:30 briefing where Mr Bolton was due to appear with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. But Mr. Bolton has already left the White House.
Mr. Bolton's departure comes as Mr Trump pursues diplomatic openings with some of the United States' most intransigent enemies, an effort that annoys hard-line officials in the administration, such as Mr Bolton, who views North Korea and Iran as deeply untrustworthy.  He spent much of the last week in a last-minute battle to prevent Mr Trump from signing a peace agreement with the Taliban militant organization, which he views as anathema – a deal that the president was preparing to finalize. by inviting Taliban leaders to Camp David.
Mr. Bolton called on Mr Trump to reject the agreement, arguing that the president could still withdraw troops from Afghanistan to fulfill his campaign promise without going to bed with an organization responsible for killing thousands of Americans over the past 18 years .
Mr. Eventually, Trump made scrap plans for a meeting at Camp David and said Monday conversations with the Taliban are "dead." But he was annoyed by Mr Bolton, who had been arguing with Mr Pompeo for months.
Mr. Bolton sees his job as stopping Mr. Trump from making unreasonable agreements with America's enemies. "While John Bolton has been a national security adviser for the past 17 months, there are no bad deals," said a man close to Mr. Bolton minutes after the president's announcement on Tuesday, reflecting the deposed advisor.
On Mr. Worsening Bolton, the president went on to sue Kim Jong Un, the repressive leader of North Korea, despite Mr Kim's refusal to surrender his nuclear program and despite repeated missile tests from the North that alarmed his neighbors. In recent days, Mr Trump has expressed his willingness to meet with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani in the right circumstances and even provide short-term financing to Tehran, although the proposal has so far been rejected.
The divide between the president and his national security adviser owes as much to the individual as to politics. The president never warms it, a dynamic that is often fatal in this White House.
At its core, the schism reflects the profound philosophical difference that characterizes Trump's presidency. Although given in innocuous language, Mr Trump has been deeply skeptical of military adventures abroad and promising negotiations to resolve unsustainable conflicts. Mr. Bolton, however, was one of the most outspoken hawks and non-apologetic advocates of US power in defending the country's interests.
For his admirers, Mr. Bolton was supposed to be a test of what they feared would be naive diplomacy, a clear-cut realist who would hold a president without previous foreign affairs experience by handing out a store to cunning opponents. But Mr Trump has long complained privately that Mr Bolton is too ready to lead the United States into another war.
Tensions between men have worsened in recent months since the President's decision to end a planned air strike on Iran, as revenge for the removal of a US surveillance drone and a meeting with Mr. Kim in the Demilitarized Zone and moving to North Korea.
Mr. Bolton supports the Iran strike and publicly criticizes recent missile tests in North Korea that Mr Trump has removed. After the president arranged a DMZ meeting with Mr. Kim via a last-minute Twitter message Mr. Bolton decided not to accompany him and instead went on a pre-planned trip to Mongolia.
Former Under Secretary of State and Ambassador to the United Nations under President George W. Bush, Mr. Bolton, 70, never fully joined the courtesy of Mr. Kim and expressed his strong displeasure that the President was unwilling to takes more meaningful action to transform the Middle East in the service of American interests.
Mr. Bolton was hampered in his ability to drive Mr. Trump in what he saw as the right direction. He also clashed with officials at the Department of Defense. At one point, military officials raised concerns about Mr Bolton's requests for contingency plans.
While in office, Mr. Bolton sought to minimize his differences with the President in public. After Mr Trump said he would be ready to meet with Mr Rouhani and even extend the line of credit to help Tehran overcome its financial difficulties as talks continue, Mr Bolton insisted that reflects a discount from the President.  "He will meet anyone to talk," Mr. Bolton told Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty. "He is a negotiator. He is the creator of deals. But talking to them doesn't mean – for President Trump, it doesn't mean changing your position. "
Appointed in the spring of 2018, Mr. Bolton followed Michael T. Flynn – who retired as National Security Advisor 24 days later and later pleaded. guilty of lying to the FBI – and his successor, Lieutenant General HR McMaster, who never made a strong connection with the president and was forced to leave.
By electing Mr. Bolton, Mr. Trump appreciates his outspoken performances at Fox News and asks for a contrast to the current and retired generals who have taken the lead in his foreign policy team. Mr. Bolton also has the strong support of Sheldon Adelson, the casino tycoon and Republican megadonor who is a major supporter of Mr. Trump.
Long before Mr. Trump promoted his "America First" slogan, Mr. Bolton called himself an "American" who prioritized a cold-eyed view of national interests and sovereignty over what they both saw as a vaguely entrenched philosophy promoting democracy and human rights. They share a deep skepticism about globalism and multilateralism, an all-rounder that gives Mr Bolton the right to use his time in the White House to organize the US withdrawal from arms control treaties and other international agreements.
With the support of Mr. Trump, Mr. Bolton also helped put policies in place to put pressure on the Communist government in Cuba, repealing some but not all of the measures taken by President Barack Obama to open the island diplomatically. Among other things, the Trump administration imposed travel restrictions and remittances on Cuba and opened the door to lawsuits from Americans whose property was confiscated in the 1959 revolution.
But if Mr. Trump's original national security team seen as restricting New Commander-in-Chief Meraclius, the President finds himself occasionally restrained by Mr. Bolton. Behind the scenes he jokes about Mr. Bolton's inclination to confront. "If it was up to John, we would be in four wars now," a senior official recalled, telling the president.
Mr. Trump is also disappointed with Mr. Bolton's failed efforts to oust Venezuela's President, Nicolas Maduro. Instead of the easy victory that he was led to foresee, the president found himself mired in a conflict over which he had less influence than he had supposed. The political opposition, backed by the White House, could not turn Venezuela's military against Mr Maduro and had been stuck in a stalemate for months.
The discrepancy between the two was shown in May during the President's first trip to Japan this year. , After Mr Bolton told reporters that there was "no doubt" that short-range and long-range rocket launchers violated United Nations resolutions, Mr Trump dismissed concerns still eager to keep tense relations with Mr. Kim.
"My people think this may be a violation, as you know," the president told reporters. "I look differently."
Mr. Trump also rejected the idea of working to overthrow the Iranian government, a goal Mr Bolton has long achieved as a private citizen. "We are not looking for a change of regime," Mr Trump said. "I just want to clarify that."
After being indicted in June 1945 by Iran for damaging two tankers with explosives and subsequently removed from a drone, Mr. Bolton supports the demonstration of force. He facilitated the recommendation by the national security team for aerial protection against Iranian radars and other equipment that Mr Trump had initially accepted to only change his decision at the last minute from his concern about the casualties that would result.
Mr. Bolton's later absence from Mr Trump's trip to the DMZ and the hourly meeting with Mr Kim seemed noticeable. Mr Bolton's staff said he only followed his schedule by going to Mongolia, but rightly or wrongly, this was taken as a sign that he was not fully aboard with the diplomatic assurance of the president in North Korea.