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Trump Impeachment Investigation: What 2 677 Pages of Evidence reveal about Trump scandal with Ukraine

But a review of more than 2,600 pages of transcripts released this week by eight witnesses who testified in the House impeachment investigation over the past six weeks shows how the US government has been sparring with Trump over Ukraine's policy for months. He has stepped up efforts to strengthen a key strategic alliance after Trump recruited his own lawyer to work outside the normal diplomatic channels in an apparent effort to increase his chances of re-election.

In addition, the testimony shows a president separated from the integral role that Ukraine plays in US policy against Russia – but also revives his agitation for Ukraine. And the testimony of at least one witness has linked Trump to the decision to deny nearly $ 400 million in security assistance to Ukraine until the country announced it would continue investigating its political rivals.

Yet one question remains unanswered: Why is the White House's assistance late? While there is enough circumstantial evidence to point to the president's desire to force Ukraine to publish its first public poll of its political rivals, the White House has blocked key figures ̵
1; such as acting Chief of Staff Mick Mulvey, and they could shed more light on the decision to refuse assistance.
"This actually comes as a direction from the Chief of Staff's office," said Fiona Hill, who was Russia's top advisor to the White House.

Trump has insisted that Ukraine investigate its rivals beyond the phone call.

Trump went on Twitter and publicly by phone with Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky, calling it a "perfect" call. But the Democrats' case now goes beyond that conversation.

The testimony officials explained that Ukraine's pressure to investigate the president's political opponents was long before the call came, and weeks after the president called on Zelensky to investigate. The Bidens.

Hill, who was the former White House senior adviser in Russia and National Security Council expert in Ukraine, Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Windman, testified that on July 10 Ukrainians were told that the White House was dating Trump, was conditioned upon investigations into the president's rivals.
  READ: Transcript of testimony from former White House Assistant Fiona Hill
to the Ukrainians were handed over by US Ambassador to the European Union Gordon Sundland, witnesses to officials who said he was targeted to do so by Mulvaney. White House officials raised serious objections to Sondland, questioning Sondland's own affidavit that then-national security adviser John Bolton "never shared" any concerns "with him.
Text messages transmitted to investigators for House impeachment show how conversation with Ukrainians to publicly investigate continued weeks after call on July 25. Texts show then US Special Envoy Kurt Volker and Sondland encouraging Ukraine to included Burizma, the Ukrainian natural gas company in which Hunter Biden sat on the board of directors, and the 2016 election in a public statement at the request of Giuliani, although the matter eventually dropped.
But on September 1, after as Ukraine learns that the US has frozen $ 400 million in security aid, Sundland told lawmakers – in a revision of his initial testimony this week – that he told Ukrainian officials that aid would not be released without investigations.
Bill Taylor, the highest-ranking US diplomat in Ukraine, testified that Sundland said Trump had told him "everything" – meaning money for help and a meeting – was conditioned by Ukraine's public announcement of the investigation.

But Sundland did not testify that Trump told him that only that he "supposed" assistance was related to the investigations. He claimed that he could not remember exactly how he learned that the two were related.

  Former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani talks about his support for then-presidential nominee Donald Trump during an election rally in Naples, Florida in October 2016.

The power of Trump's personal lawyer

to make the case that his only role in Ukraine was defending his client – Trump – He refused attacks against him.

But this was not told to senior US officials – or how the Ukrainians viewed it. From time to time, Trump makes it clear that in order to deal with Ukraine's policy, they will first have to deal with Julian, something that hinders their efforts with their key ally, who is fighting the Russian aggression and in desperate need of help from the USA.

raised grave concerns among top diplomats, as Giuliani urged Ukraine to announce investigations that could help the president politically. And after Giuliani successfully helped expel US Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Jovanovic from office, repeated efforts to urge Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to offer a statement of support on her behalf went unanswered.
  Read: Testimonies from Former US Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Jovanovic

George Kent, who was in charge of politics in Ukraine, and Volker, Kent says that Volker made it clear that they would deal with Julian directly, "because it is clear that the former mayor has influenced the president in ways, by which the President thought of Ukraine. "

For Sundland, Trump is even more blunt: "He just keeps saying, 'Talk to Rudy, talk to Rudy.'

Then Sundland testifies that Giuliani's demands continue to become increasingly "insidious" from May 23 until later, when he "realizes that there may be a link between a visit to the White House and assistance to Ukraine, which hold up when I could not give a definite answer as to why the assistance was delayed. "

Windman testifies that the" alternative narrative "" squeezed by Giuliani "undermines efforts by the US government to expand cooperation with Ukraine."

And he added that Ukrainians are confused about Giuliani's role and are worried. that "this could undermine consensus policy."

"It wasn't until that call came that he had been put into any official role," Windman added, referring to a call in July where Trump called Ukrainian President to work with Julian.

  Top US diplomat in Ukraine Aina: Greenland purchase offers lots of energy

[19659007] Jovanovic and others described a series of "lies" pushed by Julian to reduce her a Utation representative and make her seem disloyal to the president, but they also claim that senior State Department officials – like Pompeo – were unwilling to do anything about his efforts.

"Have any of the State Department tried to stop these efforts? "Asked Jovanovic. She replied, "I don't think so, I don't (think) they felt they could."

Pompeo "shook his eyes" when discussing Giuliani and said, "Yes, this is something we have to deal with. "according to Sondland testimony.

Career Officers: Trump-Julian Efforts Serious Breach of Standards

Michael McKinley, a former Pompeo senior advisor who served 37 years in the Foreign Office, became aware of Home investigators say State Department employees were used "in a way that certainly doesn't fit in with either one example of the past we can think of, referring to the efforts to channel a political rival through investigations into a foreign country.

It is unlikely

Kent should have directed Ukraine's policy in the State Department, but he was placed And he was disturbed by what he saw.

"I wrote a note to the file saying that I had concerns that there were efforts to initiate politically motivated prosecutions that are harmful to the rule of law, as in Ukraine and the US. , "Kent testifies.

Taylor called it" an irregular, informal channel for US policy toward Ukraine, referring to efforts by Volker, Sundland, Giuliani and Energy Secretary Rick Perry.

the irregular channel was well-connected in Washington, he worked mostly outside official diplomatic channels, "he said.

Trump's obsession with Ukraine

The president's suspicion of Ukraine dates back to the 2016 election due to unjustified conspiracy theories that it is Ukraine, not Russia

This long-held distrust of Ukraine has fueled Trump's views on the conspiracy theories promoted by Giuliani and the conservative media this year, which has caused them to deal with Ukraine and say

"Everyone is corrupt, everyone is a terrible person," Volker recalled, saying Trump during a meeting on May 23, where they encouraged Trump to set up an Oval Office meeting with Zelensky. "I don't want to spend time with that."

Trump's attitude toward Ukraine contributed to Giuliani's ability to influence US policy in Ukraine because Trump administration officials believed they needed to persuade Giuliani to lead the president. [19659002] "Started as a conversation with Rudy," Sondland testifies.

But years before Ukraine was pushed into the public sphere as a scandal, threatening the president with impeachment, Trump's views on Ukraine raised concerns inside the Trump administration.

Trump also took advantage of the conspiracy that Ukraine, not Russia, interfered in the 2016 election on the unproven claim that the Democratic National Committee's server was in Ukraine. Trump mentioned conspiracy theory during a July 25 conversation with Zelensky: "The server, they say Ukraine has it," he said.

Hill explained how there was an effort to convince Trump that he was a "debunked" conspiracy theory. "We spent a lot of time with Tom Bosser, a former Trump security adviser, former national security adviser HR McMaster, and others, Hill said," trying to disprove this one in the first year of administration.

"Tom and others working on cybersecurity have exposed the president to the facts of the intervention," she said. "I can say no more than that."

  Fiona Hill, former senior director of European and Russian affairs at The National Security Council, retires after testifying in the Capitol Hill impeachment investigation in Washington on October 14, 2019.

The census undermines Trump's protection from the GOP

Releasing the census greatly complicates the protection of Republicans. so because in private deposits, one witness after another overthrows some of the main arguments Trump and his allies make.
Witnesses decried Trump's main allegations that Biden was corrupting pressure on Ukrainian officials to protect his son, Hunter, who was on board the Burmese, and that American their ambassador to Ukraine is part of the so-called Nar. Deep State v. Trump, Some of these allegations stem from former Ukrainian Attorney General Yuriy Lutsenko, who was described by Volker as "not credible" but by Kent as someone who came out for "revenge".

The story that Giuliani was going through was essentially an exciting "campaign of lies," Kurt said.

So far, the investigation has uncovered many clear examples of the Trump-Ukraine quid pro quo, where White House invitations and military aid were denied, while Trump's select diplomats pressured Ukraine to launch investigations into its political rivals. This was revealed in Sondland's testimony and Volker's text messages – which both pressured Ukrainian officials to announce investigations. Other key players, including Taylor, Russia and Europe's top advisor to the National Security Council, Tim Morrison and Windman, also testified that they understood there was a quid pro quo after hearing Trump's call with Zelensky or discussed the issue with Sundland.

If Trump wants to continue claiming that there is no "quid pro quo," Democrats seem to have the goods to prove him wrong. Some congressional Republicans have suggested recognizing the quid pro quo, but have argued that it did not rise to the level of imminent crime.

Democrats also raised a rebuttal to Trump's argument that he was only pushing Ukraine to investigate the allegations because he genuinely worried about clearing corruption in Ukraine. Kent testifies that Ukraine's request to investigate allegations "is not in itself anti-corruption."

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