Less than two months before the US election, President Donald Trump seems to have something to celebrate ̵
A far-right Norwegian politician has named Mr Trump for the 2021 award, citing the president’s role in the recent peace deal between Israel and the United Arab Emirates.
Christian Tibring-Jede told Fox News on Wednesday: “For his merits, I think he has made more attempts to create peace between nations than most other Peace Prize nominees.”
Adding that he was not a big supporter of Trump, he added. “The committee must look at the facts and judge it by the facts, not by the way it sometimes behaves.”
Of course, the nomination is not the same as the victory – we will not know the winner for another 13 months – so what can we do with this news?
So who can nominate a person?
For a nomination only, the barrier to entry is low: all nominations from heads of state or politicians who serve at the national level are accepted.
University professors, directors of foreign policy institutes, former Nobel Prize winners and members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee are also among those qualified to nominate for the prize. Nominations do not require an invitation and until they are introduced before February 1 of the qualifying year, they will be accepted.
There were 318 nominees for the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize – the winner of which has not yet been announced. The Norwegian Nobel Committee has not publicly commented on its candidates, who have been kept secret for 50 years.
Has Mr. Trump been nominated before?
And for the second time, he has to thank Mr Tybring-Gjedde. In 2018, the right-wing politician was one of two Norwegian lawmakers who nominated Mr Trump for the same award, then for his efforts to bring reconciliation to North and South Korea.
Mr Trump did not take the award home this year, but Mr Tibring-Jedde, a member of the Conservative Progress Party, insisted the US president met the criteria this time.
Last month, Israel and the UAE reached a deal to normalize relations, with Israel agreeing to end its controversial plans to annex part of the occupied West Bank, Trump said in a surprise statement.
This is only the third Israeli-Arab peace agreement since Israel’s declaration of independence in 1948 and marks the first official diplomatic link between Israel and the Arabian Gulf state. Palestinian leaders reportedly were surprised by the agreement.
“This is a hard-earned and well-deserved honor for this president,” White House Press Secretary Kaylee Makinani said Wednesday. “Career politicians are just talking about the kind of results this president has achieved on the world stage.”
Has the President of the United States been nominated before?
Mr Trump is one of several US presidents to be nominated for the Peace Prize, including President William Howard Taft, President Herbert Hoover and President Franklin Roosevelt.
And if he receives the coveted award, Mr Trump will be the fourth US president to win, after President Woodrow Wilson in 1920, President Jimmy Carter in 2002 and President Barack Obama in 2009.
Mr Obama’s nomination – after only a few months in office – has been met with criticism in the United States, with some claiming that he did not make an impact worthy of the award.
Among his detractors? Mr Trump, who tweeted in 2013 calling for the Obama Prize to be repealed.
Former Nobel Secretary Gere Lundestad later said he regretted Obama’s election. “Even many Obama supporters believed the award was a mistake,” he told the AP. “In that sense, the commission did not achieve what it had hoped for.”
Mr Obama donated the prize of $ 1.4 million (£ 1.08 million) to charity.
Have there been conflicting nominations before?
While the most famous recipients of the award include Martin Luther King Jr., Nelson Mandela and Mother Teresa – all of whom won the award, the broad nomination criteria mean that past nominees have included extremely unorthodox and controversial selections.
Adolf Hitler was nominated for the 1939 Peace Prize by a member of the Swedish parliament. Reportedly featured in a satire, the nomination was withdrawn shortly thereafter. A few years later, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin was nominated for the same award, twice, nodding in 1945 – for his efforts ending World War II – and again in 1948.
After submitting the nominations, the recipient is selected by a five-member Nobel Committee, which is appointed by the Norwegian Parliament. The winner of the award for 2021 will be announced only in October next year.