Only three other former presidents refused to attend the inauguration of their successor in the White House: John Adams in 1801, John Quincy Adams in 1829 and Andrew Johnson in 1869. Former President Richard Nixon – resigned in 1974 under threat of impeachment – not present when President Gerald Ford was subsequently sworn in at the White House.
Vice President Mike Pence is expected to attend the inauguration, POLITICO announced on Thursday. Former President George W. Bush, the newest president of the Republicans, also plans to attend.
Former President Barack Obama, with whom Biden was vice president, is believed to be present, as is former President Bill Clinton. Former President Jimmy Carter, 96, and the only other living former president, said Tuesday he would not attend.
Earlier, Biden said that while he personally did not care if Trump attended his inauguration, the outgoing president should appear on behalf of the nation and its image on the world stage.
“I think the transfer of power protocol is important,” Biden said. “But it’s entirely his decision and it has no personal impact on me. But I think it’s for the country.”
Trump’s tweet arrived hours after he released a video message confirming to the camera that he would not serve a second term. The statement came only after a deadly siege of the Capitol building on Wednesday by his supporters. The violence killed five people, including a U.S. Capitol police officer.