Type 2 diabetes is a condition which means that a person's pancreas does not produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. Out of time, unchecked blood sugar levels can increase a person's risk of developing life-threatening complications such as heart disease. Fortunately, if one is able to make some dietary adjustments, they will be able to keep their blood sugar levels under control. Evidence shows that adhering to a particular diet can help keep blood sugar levels low – what can you eat on that diet?
The low glycemic index (GI) diet is rated as one of the best diets to follow as it measures how carbohydrates, ie. containing food increases glucose in blood sugar.
The diet measures the ranks of the food according to their effect on blood sugar levels.
The degree to which different foods increase blood sugar levels is compared to the absorption of 50 grams of pure glucose, which is used as a reference food and has a GI value of 1
The diet was created in the early 80's of the last century by a Canadian professor, Dr. David Jenkins.
A low-GI diet considers how much fat and fiber tend to lower the GI of a food and, as a general rule, the more cooked or processed foods the higher the GI
Studies show that a low-GI diet GI can lead to weight loss, reduce blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes.  Low GI foods are the preferred choice as they are digested slowly and absorbed, causing slower and less elevated blood levels sugar.
However, foods with a high GI value should be restricted as they are rapidly absorbed and absorbed, leading to a rapid rise and fall in blood sugar levels and should be avoided in type 2 diabetics  Only foods that contain carbohydrates have a GI value. Therefore, foods that do not contain carbohydrates such as beef, chicken, fish, eggs, herbs and spices will not be found in the GI list.
The rate at which foods increase blood sugar levels depends on three factors: the type of carbohydrates they contain, their nutritional composition, and the amount a person eats.
Glycemic load (GL) is a measure of how a carbohydrate affects blood sugar levels by taking both the type (GI) and the quantity (grams per serving)
so that a food product can be considered for low GI and good choice in type 2 diabetes, GI and GL should be 10 or less.
Foods such as fruits and vegetables rich in fiber such as carrots, green peas, apples, grapefruit and watermelon, lentils, whole grains such as barley and whole wheat, tomato juice and milk.
A number of studies show that a low GI diet is effective in reducing blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. It is important to talk to your doctor before embarking on a new diet.