Type 2 diabetes means that a person's pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to control blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels may increase your risk of developing heart disease and strokes. It may come as a surprise that the condition can cause damage to a person's eyes in a number of disturbing ways. Therefore, it is imperative that people adjust their blood sugar levels to prevent the risks.
Diabetic retinopathy describes what happens when high blood sugar levels damage the back of the eye (retina).
If left untreated, complication can cause blindness.
How diabetes can affect the eyes
As the NHS explains: “The retina is the photosensitive layer of cells in the back of the eye that converts light into electrical signals. The signals are sent to the brain, which turns them into the images you see.
'The retina needs a constant supply of blood, which it receives through a network of small blood vessels. Over time, constantly high blood sugar levels can damage these blood vessels. "
According to the health body, there are three main stages:
- Background Retinopathy ̵
- Pre-proliferative retinopathy – more severe and widespread changes affect the blood vessels, including more bleeding in the eye
- Proliferative retinopathy – scarring and new blood vessels that are weak and bleed easily, develop on the retina, this can lead to some loss of vision
Another stage is called ma clopathy, according to Diabetes.co.uk.
This is a different kind of retinopathy, which refers to the middle of the eye, which may mean that a person will not be able to read or drive, explained Mercy.
"You may hear this called M0 if there is no maculopathy in your eyes or M1 if the fluid begins to accumulate. it is in the eyes and reflects on your vision, "adds the health body.
Fortunately, the chances of someone suddenly waking up blind are very slim, says a health care site. Damage is usually gradual. This gives people at risk a great opportunity to make lifestyle changes to delay or prevent eye problems.
To minimize the risks, the NGO called on people with diabetes to attend diagnostic eye examinations.
It is also important to be aware of the warning signs.
- Gradual impairment of vision
- Sudden loss of vision
- Forms floating in the field of vision of a person (swimmers)
- Blurred or blurred vision
- Eye pain
- ] The NHS adds: "These symptoms do not necessarily mean you have diabetic retinopathy, but it is important to check them. Don't wait until your next screening meeting. "
According to Diabetes.co.uk, other complications of type 2 diabetes may include:
- Leg problems
- Heart attack and stroke
- Kidney problems (nephropathy)
- Nerve damage ( neuropathy)
- gum disease and other mouth problems
- Related conditions such as cancer
- Sexual problems in women
- Sexual problems in men
“When you have a chronic complication, you are much more likely to develop other complications, "the charity warned.