The United States and Iran are ready to present their competing security visions in the Middle East to the United Nations General Assembly this week, with US President Donald Trump expected to address the World Leaders' Meeting on Tuesday and the Iranian President Hassan Rouhani the next day.
As tensions continue to simmer in the Middle East after the attack on Saudi Arabia's oil fields and the exchange of sharp rhetoric between Washington and Tehran, the two leaders hold out hope for diplomacy, with Trump saying he is "a very flexible man", and Rouhani extends a "hand of friendship and brotherhood" to his regional neighbors.
On Sunday, Trump once again left open the possibility of an unplanned meeting with Rouhani on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly.
Zarif: Saudi and UAE want to fight Iran until last American
"Nothing ever gets off the table, but I don't intend to meet Iran and that doesn't mean it's not happening," Trump said "I'm a very flexible person, but we have no intention. This has not been created. "
Asked if there would be any discussions between US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo or another US representative with the Iranian delegation to the UN General Assembly, a senior US official said" nothing was planned. " But CNN's Christian Amanpour tweeted that Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif told her in an interview that Ruhani is ready to meet Trump in New York this week, "provided that President Trump is ready to do whatever is necessary." by exchanging sanctions relief for "pos accurate monitoring of Iran's nuclear facilities. "
'The olive branch has always been on the table, but we are showing it again,'" Zarif added, according to Amanpour's tweet.
In a televised speech earlier Sunday marking the anniversary of the beginning of the Iran-Iraq war through 1980, Rouhani said Iran extends a "hand of friendship and brotherhood" to a neighboring count
But the Iranian president also warned foreign forces to "stay away" from the region.
"Foreign forces can cause problems and insecurity for our people and our region, "said Rouhani.
"Risks of calculation errors"
Meanwhile, in an interview with US operator ABC on Sunday, Pompeo, America's top diplomat, said that Washington wants to give diplomacy every opportunity for success. "
Pompeo set aside the threats of US military retaliation against Iran, saying that the Trump administration "takes this seriously and we work hard to see that it has a diplomatic result."
"But don't be fooled by this. If we are unsuccessful in this and Iran continues to strike in this way, I am confident that President Trump will make the decisions necessary to achieve our goals."
T The United States has accused Tehran of carrying out air strikes that sparked the firing of the Abqaiq plant in Saudi Arabia and the Hurais oil field on September 14, destroying half of the kingdom's oil production.
Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif warns of "all war"
Pompeo called it "one of the largest attacks on global energy supply in history. "
But despite Trump's initial warnings that US forces were" locked and loaded ", the US president was quick to soften his rhetoric, ie, repelling Republican hawks who warned that the absence of a violent response would be seen as a weakness in Tehran.
Trump has so far ordered heightened sanctions on Iran and a relatively modest deployment of US troops in the Persian Gulf, focused primarily on defense missions such as air defense and missile defense.
Fox News Pompeo said the administration was "deeply aware of the risks" of a calculation error, given the situation in the region.
"Therefore, we want to resolve it in a way that does not resort to kinetic action, if at all possible. to achieve this, "he said. Political suicide
The threat of direct war is likely to make all countries cautious.  "I doubt anyone has an appetite for a direct clash between the US and Iran," said Barbara A. Leaf, who was US ambassador to the UAE from 2014-2018 and is now a senior fellow at the Washington Institute for Politics Middle East .
Trump says he "certainly wants to avoid" war with Iran.
"It really requires a restraint. It is clear that there is no such thing."
Horasan magazine said it had doubts that Trump and Rouhani would meet in New York.
"President Trump is not reliable in the way Rouhani thinks about diplomacy," Eslami told Al Jazeera, adding that the US president was only interested in showing that he was doing something for Iran before the 2020 elections.
Eslami also said that meeting with Trump would be "political" suicide for any Iranian official. "
" The cultural factor and the history of Iran-US relations are the main context when we write about diplomacy. Trump does not respect Iran's heritage and Iranian culture, "he said.