There has been a small increase in vaccine release among kindergartens in the United States, according to a new report from US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The finding, published in the CDC's weekly morbidity and mortality report on Thursday, shows that the percentage of young children not receiving vaccinations against certain diseases, including measles, has continued to rise in recent years.For the 2018-19 school year, the national rate of kindergartens with the release of one or more required vaccines is 2.5%, a slight increase of 2.3% in the previous school year and 2.1% in the 2016-17 school year, according to the report. The percentage of kindergartens with the exception of one or more required vaccines ranges from 0.1
There has been a small increase in vaccine release among kindergartens in the United States, according to a new report from US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
A finding published in the CDC's weekly morbidity and mortality report on Thursday shows that the percentage of young children not receiving vaccinations against certain diseases, including measles, has continued to rise in recent years.
For the 2018-19 school year, the national percentage of kindergartens with the exception of one or more required vaccines was 2.5%, which is a slight increase of 2.3% in the previous school year and 2.1% in 2016- 17 school year, according to the report.
The percentage of nurseries with the exception of one or more required vaccines ranges from 0.1% in Mississippi to 7.7% in Idaho and Oregon, the report found.
On a national scale, among these children who are vaccinated-exempt, only 0.3% have a medical exemption, while 2.2% have a non-medical doctor or exemption, according to the report.
"Outbreaks of measles affecting school-age children in different states in the 2018-19-19 school year emphasize the importance of both school-based vaccination requirements for disease prevention and school coverage estimates, to identify pockets of under-vaccination, "the researchers wrote in the report.
These recent measles outbreaks appeared, although the measles virus was declared eliminated by the United States in 2000, which means it did not there was a constant betrayal According to the CDC, measles, mumps and rubella vaccine can be prevented.
"Although the overall percentage of children with discharges has increased slightly for the second consecutive school year, children with exceptions are still "More importantly, in 25 states, the number of unpreserved kindergartens exceeded those with exceptions."
video: This is what you need to know about flu, launched in 2019
The report notes that unrestricted students include those who are enrolled temporarily, during the grace period or otherwise, without vaccination records. The grace period refers to the number of days that a student can enroll and go to school without proof of full vaccination or release, but temporary enrollment allows a student without full vaccination or exemption to attend school while completing the catch-up vaccination scheme , In many countries, unaccounted for vaccinated students go to school for a grace period or are temporarily enrolled, according to the report.
States with lowest and highest vaccine coverage
The new report summarizes vaccination coverage data for approximately 3.6 million kindergartens during the 2018-19 school year. Data were collected from state and local immunization programs in 49 states: all states except Alaska, for which data were not reported to the CDC.
The report also includes vaccine release data for approximately 3.6 million kindergartens in all 50 states.  Immunization programs funded by the Federal Agency collaborate with education, school nurses and other school staff to evaluate the extent of vaccination and release status of children enrolled in public and private kindergartens, and then report this data to the CDC.
The new report finds that nationwide, in the 2018-19 school year, the range of daycare vaccinations for the two-dose MMR vaccine ranged from 87.4% in Colorado to at least 99.2% in Mississippi.
The recommended coverage for MMR is at least 95%, according to the report.
For diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine, or DTaP, coverage ranged from 88.8% in Idaho to at least 99.2% in Mississippi, acco
for varicella or chicken pox vaccine, the report found, that coverage ranges from 86.5% in Colorado to at least 99.2% in Mississippi.
Nationally, for the 2018-19-19 academic year, these vaccines are 94.7% for two MMR doses; 94.9% for the required doses of DTaP; and 94.8% for the chickenpox vaccine, according to the report.
The report has some limitations, including that the data are based on school records, so that some children may not be included in the data, such as those who are at home.
More research is needed to compare regions or states directly, as comparability is limited in the new report due to changes in government requirements, data collection methods and definitions of grace periods or temporary enrollment when it comes to vaccine requirements
"that the vaccine coverage remains high," said CDC's Immunization Services Raney Sitter and the report's first author, said in an email Thursday.
"Most parents continue to protect their children from 14 vaccine-preventable diseases. But although vaccination coverage across the country is high and even high in many states, we still see pockets of under-vaccinated communities." says Sitter.
While the CDC regularly reports vaccination exemptions nationwide, the agency can better predict possible measles outbreaks – or outbreaks of other infections – resulting from a reduction in vaccine coverage, is also investigating local vaccine exemptions, such as in a county or school, said Dr. Peter Hotes, dean of the Baylor College of Medicine at Houston's National Tropical Medicine School and co-director of the Texas Children's Hospital Center for development of vaccines, which o
Hotes and his colleagues conducted their own county-level review of non-medical vaccine exemptions in the United States, published last year in the journal Plos Medicine. increased between 2009 and 2017 in more than half of the 18 states that currently allow such policies: Arkansas, Arizona, Idaho, Maine, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas and Utah.
Overall, this previous study shows "at least 100 counties, including 14 townships, are highly vulnerable to measles," Hotes
a map for forecasting measles, "he said. "I would recommend that instead of CDC publish at least county – or even school exemptions in addition to state-level exemptions, and they should do so on an annual basis."
Other studies published in the JAMA medical journal in 2016 showed that countries with philosophical exceptions had both higher rates of rejection and higher rates of illness.
"Waiver clusters overlap outbreaks", Saad B. Omer, professor of global health and epidemiology and pediatrics at Emory University, who led this separate study, told CNN last year.
However, "If it's hard to get rid of, then you have lower failure rates and lower disease rates," he said.