How did the fears start?
Electronic cigarettes have been selling for more than a decade, but reports of vaping-related illness have started to increase this year.
An investigation by Illinois and Wisconsin Public Health Services traces the first signs of illness among 53 patients followed up by April. The victims – mostly young men at the average age of 19 – are overwhelmingly hospitalized, many of whom are under intensive care.
Patients typically experience coughing, chest pain or shortness of breath before their health deteriorates to the extent that they need to be hospitalized, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Other reported symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, fever, and weight loss.
Many victims find themselves with acute respiratory distress syndrome, a life-threatening condition in which fluid builds up in the lungs and prevents the oxygenation of humans.
Lena Sun at Washington Post Lena Sun chronicles the experience of a Utah man with disease:
Within days, Alexander Mitchell passed from a 20-year-old hobbyist to stay alive by two machines that pass air into and out of his lungs and oxygenate his blood outside his body.
"He passed away from illness in literally two days at the door of death," recalled his father, Daniel Mitchell, as he struggled. to grasp the unthinkable. "The doctor said he was dying. Honestly, I was preparing to plan my child's funeral. I cried and cried for this boy.
… Six weeks after leaving the hospital, Mitchell resumed tourism. But with his lung capacity reduced by 25 percent, he does not walk as long or as often as before. He also struggles with his short-term memory. Doctors say they are not sure if he will recover completely.
The first death of an illness related to the disease was reported on August 23 in Illinois. At that time, federal and state officials were investigating nearly 200 cases of devastating disease in 22 states, according to the CDC.
Earlier this week, Oregon officials announced a second death, saying a middle-aged adult became seriously ill after vaping with marijuana oil. It was the first victim of a product purchased from a store. (Authorities have not provided details of the Illinois death product).
Three more deaths were soon discovered in Indiana, Minnesota and California.
Officials say they are not sure why grief is emerging now.
"We are all wondering if this is new or just recently recognized," Dana Meen-Delman told the CDC
Vaping-related lung disease has killed 5 people as new cases of messages rise
9659002] On Friday, officials count 450 cases of a vaccine-related disease spread between 33 states and one territory.
While most of the victims are young, all died as adults, according to authorities. 65 years old, one middle-aged and the other identified as older and suffering from horseradish Officials have not specified the age of the other two.
What do we know about the cause of the disease?
Officials are still trying to determine what exactly is causing people to get sick. 19659003] "The focus of our investigation is narrowing and this is great news, but we are still facing complex questions in this epidemic that will take time to respond," Iliana Arias, acting Deputy
reported earlier this week that investigators The US Food and Drug Administration has found the same oil produced by Vitamin E in marijuana products destroyed by many people suffering from all over the country. But officials warned they still could not eliminate the disease.
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And authorities say apparently not just marijuana vaping makes people sick. Some victims say they have only tested nicotine products.
Officials add that there are no specific removal devices or products related to all cases and are looking for potential contamination or counterfeiting, as many victims report buying marijuana on the street, not from
. to stop vaping as they try to get to the bottom of the disease – CDC is investigating and working with state health services – some lawmakers are calling for more urgent action. Senator Richard J. Durbin (D-Ill.) On Friday, accusing FDA acting chief Norman Ned Sharples of "sitting on his hands," tweeting that he would seek the resignation of leader if
New York's Howard Zucker warned residents Saturday to stop using vape products until the CDC can determine the cause of vaping-related illnesses nationwide. He also urged medical marijuana patients to discuss alternatives with their doctors, although no illness was reported among patients in the state's medical marijuana program.
How often is vaping?
Vaping has increased dramatically worldwide – from 7 million users in 2011 to 35 million a few years ago – as smoking levels decline.
The Altria Group estimates nearly 14 million nicotine e-cigarettes in the US earlier this summer. Another study found last year that more than half of US e-cigarette users are older than 35, raising concerns about vaping among young people.
Studies showing the growing popularity of vaping among teens have caused particular concern last year. About 37 percent of 12th-graders reported missing in the last year in a US-funded study released in December – nearly 10 percentage points compared to 2017. Last month, adult nicotine levels doubled, and by younger students also reported higher use; marijuana vaping rose too. And a CDC report found last year that e-cigarettes are the most popular product among nearly 5 million high school and high school students who use tobacco over a 30-day period.
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Why were e-cigarettes controversial before vaping related illnesses?
Mysterious illnesses aside, many accuse e-cigarette manufacturers of exposing young people to addictive nicotine and luring them into smoking. The National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine say they have found "substantial evidence" that teens trying to vaporize are more likely to use conventional cigarettes.
Last fall, then FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb called the teenager vaping an "epidemic," as he reprimanded over 1300 businesses allegedly selling electronic cigarettes to minors. He has threatened to ban the flavored vapin liquids that have drawn such scrutiny into appeal to young people – unless e-cigarette makers like Juul Labs have essentially worked to curb the use of minors.
This threat did not occur at the federal level, but Michigan on Wednesday became the first state to announce a ban on flavored vaping products. San Francisco – the home of Juul Labs – became the first city to ban all e-cigarette sales in June, a year after banning flavored products.
Electronic cigarette manufacturers have been aggressively lobbying for these measures, claiming that their products can help smokers quit by giving nicotine addicts a safer option than burning tobacco. They say they are working to combat juvenile vaping and warn that a final ban could simply replace regulated sales with a black market.
The CDC agrees that e-cigarettes can help smokers replace them with ordinary tobacco products, and health professionals believe that vaping is safer than traditional smoking, which kills 8 million people annually according to the World Health Organization. But the FDA has not yet checked the vaping products, and experts warn that the long-term effects of e-cigarette use remain unclear.
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