Among 19 such deaths with available data on what substances were vaped, 63% reported exclusive use of THC containing products, 84% reported any use of these products, 37% reported vaping containing nicotine , and 16% said that "d only nicotine-containing products.
The dead are usually older than the wider population of those affected by the epidemic. Only 2% of cases, but almost a quarter of deaths, occur among people over 65 years of age. Of the 29 deaths analyzed in the new report, the average age is 45 and 59% are men. The youngest was 17, and the oldest was 75.
There were a total of 36 varicella-related deaths identified in 24 states and Washington, DC: three each from California, Indiana and Minnesota; two each from Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Oregon and Tennessee; and one each from Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Virginia and Washington, United Kingdom.
As of October 22, there were 1
According to the CDC, these patients "are predominantly young, white men. " Most of the available data – nearly 80% – were below 35. About the same percentage was identified as non-Hispanic. Seven in 10 are men.
Approximately half of all cases, including two of the deaths, affected people under 25 years of age.
"Today's report shows that these lung injuries are disproportionately affecting young people," CDC Director Dr. Robert R. Redfield said Monday. "As the CDC receives additional data, a more defined picture of those affected is taking shape. These new insights can help us move a step closer to identifying the cause or causes of this outbreak. "
"The data continues to point to Products containing THC," said Dr. Anne Schuhat, CDC's Deputy Director, reporters on Friday. "But I would like to emphasize that we do not know what the risk material or substance is. THC may be a marker of how cartridges are prepared or thus cause devices to be harmed. "
Mitch Zeller, director of the US Food and Drug Administration's Tobacco Center, warned that this data is largely rely on self-reports that may be unreliable.
"The man says, 'I only used products containing nicotine,'" Zeller told reporters on Friday, adding that some of these reports may come from teens or people in countries where products such as THC are illegal.  In addition, the new report says that some patients may not have known exactly what substances were vaped, "and the methods used to collect substance use data varying from one country to another."
CDC recommends "do not use e-cigarette or vaping products containing THC" as specific The cause or substance involved in the outbreak is still unknown.
The agency says that "the only way to ensure that you are not at risk while the investigation is ongoing is to consider abstaining from all electronic cigarettes and vaping. Nicotine addicted adults using electronic cigarettes should weigh all the risks and benefits and consider using FDA-approved nicotine replacement therapies. They should not turn to or resume the use of combustible tobacco.
"No safe tobacco product."