According to a report, the year is about 85% likely to become the second warmest year.
This year is increasingly likely to be the second or third warmest calendar year on the planet, recorded since modern temperature data collection begins in 1880, according to figures released this week by the National Oceanic Administration and atmospheric influences.
This reflects the growing impact of long-term, human-caused global warming, and is particularly remarkable since there was a lack of strong El Nino in the tropical Pacific this year. Such events are usually associated with the hottest years, as they increase global ocean temperatures and add large amounts of heat to the atmosphere in the Pacific Ocean, the largest in the world.
According to a new report released on Monday, there is an 85% chance of the year becoming the second-warmest in the NOAA data set, with the possibility of slipping to No. 3. Overall, however, it is almost certain (greater than 99% chance) 201
NOAA found that the average global land and ocean surface temperature for October was 1.76 degrees (0.98 degrees Celsius) above the 20th century average, only 0.11 degrees narrower than the record warm October, set in 2015.
It is remarkable that the 10 warmest october have occurred since 2003, and the five warmest warmest months are from the middle ages of 2015, and 418- th right warmer than average month. This means that anyone under the age of 38 has not survived cooler than the global average from a global perspective.
So far this year, global land and ocean temperatures have reached 1.69 degrees (0.94 Celsius) above the 20th century average, just 0.16 degrees cooler than the record warmest year to date, set in 2016. ., stated NOAA.
Other agencies that track global temperatures may rank 2019 slightly differently than NOAA, though their general data will likely be similar. NASA, for example, interpolates temperatures across the scattered Arctic, assuming that temperatures throughout the region are similar to their closest observation point. NOAA, on the other hand, leaves parts of the Arctic in its data.
Given that the Arctic is warming at more than twice the speed of the rest of the world, this means that NOAA data may be slightly underestimating global temperatures, although
illustrating the differences, that may occur between monitoring agencies, the EU's Copernicus Office for Climate Change ranked October as the hottest such month on Earth, slightly ending in October 2016. NASA and NOAA, on the other, ranked second in October lists.
Copernicus uses computer simulation data to monitor the planet's climate in near real-time, compared to NASA and NOAA-based surface weather stations that may be biased, including their exact location and other problems . However, both agencies are working to adjust their records to eliminate such problems.
Ultimately, the long-term trend over many years to decades is important, and this shows a clear and sharp jump that scientists have shown can only be explained by the increase in greenhouse gas, such as carbon dioxide, into the atmosphere.
Human activities, namely the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil for energy, are major contributors to greenhouse gases.
According to NOAA, there were record warm October temperatures in parts of the North and West Pacific, northeast Canada, as well as scattered parts of the South Atlantic, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, the Indian Ocean and South America.  The only record-breaking area for the month was in the western United States, where much of the Rocky Islands was record-breaking cold for the month. Interestingly, despite the absence of declared El Niño in the tropical Pacific, the world's average sea surface temperatures ranked second in the record for the month, less than a tenth of a record 2016, when there was an intense El Niño event
The oceans absorb most of the extra heat that is pumped into the air-conditioning system due to the accumulation of greenhouse gases, with the heat content measured below the surface hitting record levels.
(Except for the title, this story was not edited by NDTV staff and was published by a syndicated feed.)
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