A new study linking autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with caesarean section births provokes media stir, but a deeper look at the data reveals that headlines may be unnecessarily anxious for readers.
A new report published in the JAMA Network Open analyzed the results of 61 studies of more than 20 million C-sections in 19 countries and found an overall increase of 33 percent in the likelihood of a child developing autism – and a 17 percent higher risk of ADHD in comparison with those born vaginally.
The authors note that their statistical survey does not prove that C-sections cause ADHD or autism; rather, it may be that the factors that lead to the decision to have a C-section are related to these neurodevelopmental problems.
However, the results "suggest a reasonable use" of C-sections, the researchers said. [1
"Not very dramatic. It's statistically significant, but from a population point of view, the risk is not huge, "said Dr. Pankhury Vandana, a pediatric psychiatrist at Columbus National Ohio Hospital who did not participate in the study," Reuters said. " proves that the caesarean section causes autism or ADHD. The risk factors that lead to C-section can also be risk factors that lead to autism or ADHD. "