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What are the alternative versions of Brexit?



After defeating the government on Monday night, MEPs held a series of "indicative" voices in an attempt to find a plan for Brexit, who controls the majority in parliament.

We do not yet know what alternatives they will do

Theresa May's deal – otherwise known as the Retirement Agreement – was agreed with the EU last November. Its overall objective was to allow the UK to leave officially on a date (initially March 29), while complying with EU rules for an additional 21-month "run-up".

This gives the UK and the EU breathing space while they understand the details of future relationships.

Brexiteers hate this because it means following the rules of the customs union and the EU single market without having the word in any of them ̵

1; which is hardly in line with their mantra of regaining control.

The withdrawal agreement also contains the disputed defense of Northern Ireland. Essentially, this is an emergency cable that needs to be pulled if no way is found to prevent the need for infrastructure on the Northern Ireland border after the end of the implementation period. Why is it so controversial?

Because the bulk would put the whole of Britain in a single customs territory with the EU. This probably does not mean an independent trade policy, the holy grail for holiday campaigns.

If lawmakers agree on the May deal, it will mean that Britain will leave the EU on May 22 and will enter the implementation period. But if Mae can not go through his deal, then he has to find another way forward.

So, what are these other options? Norby Plus – or Common Market 2.0, as some are already called – is a very soft Brexit in which the UK officially leaves the EU but remains very closely related with him. "Plus" of this plan will be a UK-EU customs agreement that avoids a hardline border on the island of Ireland.

Norway Plus has advantages and disadvantages depending on your perspective.

The United Kingdom will apply to join the European Free Trade Association, which will allow Britain to trade with the EU and other EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) under the same conditions as before. The United Kingdom will also continue to be a member of the European Economic Area, which means that it will maintain access to the EU single market.

Under the EFTA rules, the UK can still – at least in theory – achieve its own commercial transactions while maintaining more or less trade relations with the EU. This will also lead to minimal disruption in the world class service sector

the UK will also leave the jurisdiction of the Court of Justice in all areas other than those affecting the EEA. Crucial for some Brexiteers, the UK can also leave the Common Agricultural Policy and the Common Fisheries Policy of the EU. (Although it accounts for less than 0.05% of the UK economy, the fishing industry has played a major part of the Brexit debate.)

But as a member of the single market, the United Kingdom will have to respect the four freedoms of movement: goods, services, capital and people. The latter is a problem for Brexiteers, as this means that the UK will not have full control over the number of people who come across its borders.

The UK will have to continue making huge contributions to the EU, something the Brexiteers promised to end. The unique customs agreement provided by Norway Plus is unprecedented among the EFTA members, so there is no guarantee that it can be achieved, which means that the issue of the Irish border is not necessarily the responsibility. So, even though it looks like a very smart plan, Norway Plus faces many of the same problems as any other plan.

The main opposition Labor Party faces widespread criticism for a concerted Brexit plan. One thing we know, however, is that it supports a permanent customs union with the EU in which the United Kingdom has the right to vote in future business deals.

The Customs Union is essentially a free trade agreement between a number of countries that agree to share common external tariffs. This means that there are no customs border checks. But as the EU is a big trading block, it also has a unified foreign trade policy that EU Member States can influence but ultimately ends up with Brussels.

First, it should be noted that labor favors a "union" rather than a "customs union". In reality, however, this very little differs from the May "back-up" plan for a single customs territory. Furthermore, there is no clear mechanism for the UK to have the say in future EU trade agreements.

The other elements of the Work Plan maintain a "strong link" with the Single Market and maintain EU standards on workers' rights.

In addition, the Labor Party went into little detail on its proposals, neither on its website nor in Jeremy Corbin's speech, made in January.

These are the three plans that have the support of the government, the opposition and the group of deputies who took control of the Brexit process earlier this week. Or in other words, the three main ones to take care of. But there are other options that Municipalities are likely to consider. No deal

Brexit may not mean Brexit, but no deal means no deal. Britain will leave the EU on April 12 and will become a third country. It will trade the world under conditions defined by the World Trade Organization and will fall out of all EU institutions. That would affect everything from medical supplies to air transport.

For those who tend to favor Brexit and the government, it is tactically wise to allow the Commons to have the last word about Brexit without a deal.

For softer Brexit types, it means they can manage what they see as the worst scenario once and for all. For the government, this gives Mey a chance to prove to her hardliners that they are a minority in parliament, and if they want to be represented by Brexit, that's her deal or something much worse. Canada and the EU have experienced tough negotiations for seven years before agreeing to the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA).

Canada's Free Trade Agreement

CETA eliminates 98% of Europe-Canada tariffs for some goods and services in the EU services market. The agreement is essentially a looser agreement that removes many barriers between Europe and Canada. However, since Canada is not a member of the Customs Union or the Single Market, customs controls still exist

For reasons discussed earlier, this does not satisfy the Irish border issue. The tighter the Brexiteers who want a more loose relationship with Europe, they support this plan, arguing that inevitably solutions will be found to deal with the border. But they still do not have to make concrete decisions on their own.

Repeal of Article 50

At the time of writing, it is not clear whether the option to hold a second referendum will be discussed on Wednesday. Supporters of another public vote say that this is not a result of Brexit, but a matter of trial and should be discussed separately on their own merits.

However, in the eyes of many, the second referendum is the only way in which Britain can convincingly abolish Article 50, the process of leaving the EU, and remains in the bloc under the current conditions

Great support for the annulment of Article 50 would be useful for defenders at the second referendum. Whether they will get it or not is another matter entirely.


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