LONDON – British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has been fighting a confrontation with lawmakers on Tuesday as they returned to work a week after his shock announcement of parliament's suspension this month. The move, which curtailed the time for lawmakers to find a way to prevent Britain from leaving the European Union on October 31 without a deal, angered the opposition and aggravated divisions in its own party.
Opposition and rebel MPs are now trying to defend Mr Johnson's legislative agenda and put in place a measure to ban Brexit without a deal and ask the government to ask for an extension of Brexit if no agreement is reached.
Here's what you need to know when the UK is gearing up for another day of political turmoil.
What is it about unrest?
Britain is due to leave the European Union on October 31st, and Mr Johnson has promised that this will happen on time, with or without a deal. But opposition parties and a significant number of rebels in his Conservative party are firmly opposed to opposing Brexit without a deal, which they believe will be chaotic and economically damaging in the short and long term.
Striving to bind Parliament, Mr Johnson said last week that he had asked the Queen to prophesy or to terminate Parliament later this month, shortening the already narrow timeframe for lawmakers to figure out a way to prevent collapse of the UK from the European Union without agreement.
This move left MPs looking for a way to evaluate the most important decision the country has encountered in its most recent history. They decide to try to pass legislation requiring the government to seek an extension of Brexit if it does not reach an agreement with the European Union to withdraw by the deadline.
But on Monday evening, at an address off 10 Downing Street, Mr Johnson made it clear that he was incompatible with seeking another extension.
"I want everyone to know that there are no circumstances in which I will ask Brussels to adjourn," he said, while a crowd of protesters shouting "stop the coup" was heard in the background. "We're leaving on October 31st, with no trenches or asses."
Can Boris Johnson stop his opponents?
He is certainly trying. The end result depends almost entirely on the opponents of the ineffective Brexit in his own party. Mr Johnson has threatened to expel these rebels from the party if they join the opposition in voting against the government.
Insisting that he would not ask for an extension of Brexit, he made it clear that if he lost the vote, he would seek to dissolve parliament and call early elections.
A government official confirmed as early as Monday night, saying elections would take place on October 14, about two weeks before the deadline for withdrawal. This will be the third general election for UK voters in just over four years.
Mr. Johnson currently has an uncertain, majority with one vote in Parliament, but with only 10 seats in the Conservative Party in Northern Ireland. So while the election may turn out to be chaotic in such circumstances, Mr Johnson bets he can win a strong enough mandate to push Brexit until October 31, "make or die," as he often says.
What does Boris Johnson really want?
Following his first address to Parliament as Prime Minister in July, Mr Johnson insists that Britain is ready to leave the European Union on 31 October, with or without a deal. He says this position gives him increased negotiating power with Europe to reach a new deal that is more profitable for Britain.
Even while raising bets at home, Mr Johnson began talks with Brussels through his Brexit negotiator, David Frost, in an attempt to find an alternative to Irish backstop, an element of the proposed Brexit deal, which was a major obstacle.
But critics say there is not enough time to find a solution to the complicated issue before the end of October. And many say that the negotiations – and Mr Johnson's call for Brexit at all costs – are just blushes aimed at a general election in which he can present himself as a candidate who has made a serious effort to achieve the will of the people against career politicians and others in Westminster.
His position "plows the ground for a" people against politicians "campaign, writes Michael Goodwin, a professor of politics at the University of Kent, on Twitter shortly after Mr. Johnson addresses the nation Monday.
The strategy may work in favor of the prime minister. Even after deciding to close parliament, 33 percent of YouGov's polls said they were likely to vote for his Conservative Party, easily outnumbering 22 percent of the opposition Labor Party.
But it can also cause a negative reaction. The same poll notes that the British are not happy with the government's action, with 53 per cent saying that suspending Mr Johnson's Parliament was 'unacceptable'.
His tactics alienated the members of his own party and left several steps, ie. like Philip Hammond, the former Chancellor of the Exchequer, in open revolt. And they seem to have made it almost impossible to unite the divided opposition parties in an attempt to stop it.
How will this be implemented logistically?
Deputies returned to parliament on Tuesday after weeks, and are expected to ask a spokesman for the House of Commons, John Berkov, for an emergency vote that would allow opposition members to "seize control of the order document" – a move that would have them gave control of the agenda.
Mr. Berkov is expected to decide on the request on Tuesday night. Given his outspoken criticism of the Prime Minister's decision to propose Parliament, he seems likely to approve their request, leading to a vote on Tuesday night.
This would have led Mr Johnson to ask Parliament to call a general election. This requires a two-thirds majority, and the opposition Labor Party, while welcoming the idea of elections, says it may not support such a request.
If legislators fail to pass the legislation, it seems that the UK will continue on the path to the current Brexit deadline, with or without a deal, as Mr Johnson has said.
What will this mean for Brexit?
As the value of the pound goes down the $ 1.20 barrier on Tuesday, it is obvious what the currency traders think: more confusion and uncertainty, which is bad for business and possible chaos, with shortages of food, medicine and fuel, which is bad for everyone.
What keeps analysts and business leaders up at night is the compressed schedule. If a general election is held on October 14, the new government will have only 17 days to deal with things before the Brexit deadline. Making matters even more pressing, the European Union holds a summit on 17-18 October at which leaders consider what to do with Brexit. This implies, of course, that the existing government has a plan for consideration.
Much will depend on which party or parties form the government and how much of the mandate. If the Conservatives win, Mr Johnson will demand a term of office, with or without a deal.
But if the opposition Labor Party wins – perhaps with the support of other opposition parties such as the heavily anti-repressive Liberal Democrats – then Mr Corbin will probably ask for an extension from Brussels, which will give time or negotiate a new deal with the Europeans, or , possibly for a second referendum.