The rise of mysterious and deadly lung diseases thought to be related to nicotine vaping or cannabis-related products, doctors and public health experts across the country are struggling to determine a definitive cause. The pandemic emphasizes the mysterious and unexplored effects of vaping on health, and also raises concerns about the medical effects of long-term vaping on teenagers, some of the most avid e-cigarette users, as one of five high school vape students in the United States.
On Friday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that the number of vaping-related diseases had risen to at least 450 cases in 33 states and the Virgin Islands and warned people about using electronic cigarettes, especially those
Five people died from vaping-related respiratory illnesses ̵
No infectious causes have been identified and the CDC stated that "lung diseases are probably related to exposure to chemicals" but warned that it was too early to identify an e-cigarette product or substance, which is common to all cases.
In a preliminary study released Friday, officers in Illinois and Wisconsin investigated in detail 53 cases – 28 in Wisconsin and 25 in Illinois. Most of the patients were men with an average age of 19 years and all were healthy before.
All patients had a history of using electronic cigarettes: 80% reported using products containing tetrahydrocannabinol, THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana; 61% of nicotine products used; and 7% used cannabidiol or CBD products.
In some of these cases, patients used only THC products or only nicotine. Patients report using 14 different brands of THC products and 13 brands of nicotine products in a wide range of flavors. Dank Vape was the most widely used THC product ever reported.
The CDC urged people to stay away from e-cigarette products, especially those purchased off the street, as investigators work to determine exactly what lies behind lung diseases.  The announcement is the latest indicator of the potential health risks of e-cigarette use among teenagers.
E-cigarette use among students has increased by 78% (from 11.7 to 20.8%) from 2017 to 2018, according to a study funded by the Food and Drug Administration and Control Centers and disease prevention.
Health and Human Services Minister Alex Azar says new data reveals that the country is "facing an epidemic of e-cigarette use by young people", which he "19659002] Former FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb said e-cigarettes not safe for children and teens, he noted that "there may be less harmful alternatives for addicted smokers who are currently looking for nicotine. "However, he added, the agency will not" allow this opportunity to come at the expense of the addiction of a whole new generation of children to nicotine. "
The study, commissioned by the FDA and CDC, suggests a leap in e-cigarette use among children and teens possibly due to the recent popularity of some types of vaping devices, such as JUUL, which resemble USB flash drives, the product can be used discreetly, deliver high nicotine content and offer sweet and fruity flavors such as mango, watermelon and cream har (JUUL, under pressure from the FDA, stopped selling most of its flavored nicotine pods in stores last year, but continues to sell them on its limited-age website.)
Despite the widespread popularity of e-cigarettes, their effect The health of those who use them remains largely unknown, although electronic cigarettes do not usually produce the tar or toxic gases found in ordinary cigarettes, all JUULs and most e-cigarettes contain the addictive substance nicotine.
Most studies indicate that electronic cigarettes are far less harmful than traditional cigarettes, but that does not mean that they are indiscriminate. Recent reports of "mysterious vapping disease", the links between e-cigarette use and heart disease, teenage lung disease, and the impact of vaping on blood flow (even without nicotine) have led some to believe that cigarettes are like or even more dangerous than ordinary cigarettes, although most doctors and public health experts agree that vaping is at least less harmful.
"I would argue that people get false and misleading information, assuming that vaping is as bad as smoking," Dr. Michael Siegel, a professor at the University School of Public Health in Boston whose research focuses on tobacco reduction, told Salon.
"There are many old people who are scared when they hear that vaping is as bad as smoking, then they logically conclude, 'Well, why don't I just smoke?'" He continued. "This is a detrimental effect on public health."
As electronic cigarettes are a relatively new product, the potential health risks associated with such devices are considered preliminary and far from definitive. It can take years or even decades for researchers to discover the full and lasting health implications of e-cigarettes, especially among young, healthy consumers.
In addition, there are nearly 500 different electronic cigarettes on the market and each one supplies different levels of nicotine (or none at all), flavors, and combinations of chemicals. This makes it even harder to assess the effects of vaping on health.
Dr. Tavis Glassman, a professor at the University of Toledo School of Public Health whose research focuses on adolescent smoking, told Salon that in addition to unknown health effects, he was concerned that teens "underestimated the nature of teens" addiction "and dismiss potential threats as" fake news. "
Although e-cigarettes are often considered less deadly than cigarettes or cigars, health professionals warn that the way electronic these cigarettes deliver nicotine, can harm the developing brain parts of adolescents who control addictive behavior, attention, learning, mood control and impulses, especially because they can deliver higher concentrations of puffin nicotine compared to with traditional cigarettes.
"Because these pods are so easily hidden (devices plugged into computers, even wristwatches), users can have uninterrupted access without interruption between hits, leading to extremely high levels of nicotine in the body," explained Dr. Geraldine B Ritton, director of the Binghamton University's International Tobacco Study Program
Britton added that while some adults use electronic cigarette products to help them quit traditional cigarette smoking, many teens e-cigarettes, who have never smoked tobacco, now use e-cigarettes for recreation. Effects. "
In fact, studies show that, compared to non-users, young people who use e-cigarettes are more likely to switch to conventional cigarette smoking. The report by the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine on the health effects of e-cigarettes concludes: "There is substantial evidence that the use of e-cigarettes increases the risk of smoking tobacco cigarettes in young people and young people."
Another study by RAND Corporation, published in Nicotine & Tobacco Research, came to the same conclusion, but noted that teens do not substitute vaping for cigarettes. Instead, "they continue to use both products more often as they age," says Michael Dunbar, lead author of the study and behavioral scientist.
Because health professionals have triggered an alarm about the potential risks of e-cigarette products, vape manufacturers, including JUUL, are subject to extensive scrutiny as they not only allow minors to access his devices, but also to market them in ways that appeal mostly to teenagers, with sharp, humorous social media posts, sweet products and paid partnerships with online influencers.
In response to criticism, the popular vaping company, a flock of teen memes and spoofed accounts, last year closed its Instagram and Facebook accounts and stepped up the age verification process on its website as part of an "action plan" to combat teen delusions.
"By deterring the social media promotion of the JUUL system, by stepping out of our accounts, we can better prevent teens and not – people who have ever invested in the device," says Kevin Burns, the company's CEO statement from last November.
Although some applaud this move, others emphasize that it does not go far enough to limit the dangerous trend.  In response to growing health concerns, some cities in the country have moved to place electronic cigarette restrictions, with at least a dozen raising the minimum age for purchasing tobacco and vaping devices from 18 to 21.
Earlier this week , Michigan became the first state in the country to ban the sale of flavored e-cigarettes, both in history and online. Recent studies have found that vaping products that use sweet, fruity and menthol flavors are more likely to appeal to teenagers and contribute to nicotine addiction.
In June, San Francisco, California, home to YUL, became the first major city in the country to ban the sale of all electronic cigarettes that are not FDA approved. The ban is due to take effect on January 1, 2020.
Siegel, a professor at Boston University, criticizes Washington's ban on Michigan and the like. He said the measures would have a "very negative impact" on public health.
"I see no excuse for public health for banning e-cigarettes, but allowing cigarettes to remain on sale – especially if you are concerned that children will be at risk of smoking," he said of the Michigan ban "Any effect that this law will have is that many older ex-smokers will return to smoking when their products [e-cigarette] are no longer available."
"And, the extreme irony of this law is that those older ex-smokers who do not return to smoking are likely to h "The manager has just created a black market that didn't exist before, and these products will not be regulated by the FDA."