M en who are 5ft 5 inches are 40 per cent more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes than those with an average height of 5ft 9 inches, new research suggests.
The effect of height on diabetes is so large that scientists say it should now be considered an independent risk factor that doctors should take into account when examining patients.
Previous studies have shown that taller people are better at producing and using insulin, which clears sugar from the blood. They also have lower liver fat and better metabolism.
But new research is the first to quantify the impact of height on the risk of diabetes. It found that each 3.9 inch (1