Women who become stressed during pregnancy "are 10 TIMES more likely to have children with personality disorder"
- The study was published in the British Journal of Psychiatry
- This is the first to show a link between prenatal stress and personality disorders
- Experts believe one in 20 people in the UK have a personality disorder
Women who become stressed during pregnancy are at increased risk of having children with a personality disorder, studies show.
Children whose mothers experience severe stress while pregnant are 10 times more likely to develop a behavioral problem by the age of 30 than others.
And those who have moderate stress are four times more at risk.
The study, published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, is the first to provide evidence of a link between prenatal stress and personality disorders.
Children whose mothers experience severe stress before are not 10 times more likely to develop a behavioral problem to the age of 30 than others
Experts believe this is because stress Pregnancy affects the way the baby's brain develops.
Personality disorders are a wide range of behavioral problems that can lead to impaired thinking, impulsive behavior, and aggression.
Experts estimate that one in 20 people in the UK has a personality disorder.
Many people suffering from these problems also suffer from other mental health issues, such as depression, anxiety, and drug abuse.
Study Leader Ross Branignan, of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, said: "This study highlights the importance of providing mental health and stress in supporting both pregnant women and families during antenatal and postnatal care. . "
The research team traces 3 626 people born in 1975 and 1976 in Helsinki, Finland.
They were reviewed in 2005 when they were 29 or 30 years old.
During this time, 40 of the 3626 samples were diagnosed with a personality disorder.
Considering the psychiatric history of parents and smoking in the mother – already known to influence the risk of personality disorder – the authors found that those at high maternal stress were 9.53 times tend to develop the problem as those whose mothers did not experience stress during pregnancy.
Those whose mother experienced moderate stress were 3.59 times more likely.
Previous studies have found brain differences between those with and without personality disorders and this prenatal stress affects children's brain development.
It is also likely that women who are stressed during pregnancy will also be stressed after the birth of a child – which could affect the mother-child relationship in the crucial early months of bonding.
Dr. Trudy Senewrathne, Chair of the Perinatal Faculty at the Royal College of Psychia “Pregnancy can be a stressful time and this study shows the importance of providing mothers with access to mental health support.
“NHS England has dramatically improved access to perinatal mental health services recently – and these findings show how important it is for them to continue investing in this area.
"The study does not consider important factors that influence the child's stress and development – such as financial status, parenting style and sexual trauma – that we know contribute to the development of severe mental illness, including personality disorders. “
HOW CAN YOU HOLD BEFORE PREGNANCY?
The more active and fit you are during pregnancy, the easier it will be to adapt to changing shape and weight gain. It will also help you cope with labor and return to form after birth.
Maintain your normal daily physical activity or exercise (sports, jogging, yoga, dancing or even going to the shops and back) as long as you feel comfortable.
Exercise is not dangerous for your baby – there is some evidence that active women are less likely to experience problems later in pregnancy and childbirth.
Exercise tips when you are pregnant:
- always warm up before training and then cool down
- try to keep active daily: half an hour of walking each day may be enough, but if you can't manage this, any amount is better than nothing
- avoid all strenuous exercise in hot weather
- drink lots of water and other fluids
- if you go to exercise make sure your teacher is properly qualified and knows that you are pregnant
- you like to try to swim because they are water and will support your weight training
- that has the risk of falling, such as horseback riding, downhill skiing, ice hockey, gymnastics and cycling, should only be done with caution. Falling can risk damaging your baby
Exercises to avoid during pregnancy:
- Do not lie flat on your back for long periods, especially after 16 weeks, because the weight of your hamstring presses against the main blood vessel, carrying blood back to your heart and this can make you feel weak
- do not engage in contact sports where there is a risk of impact, such as kickboxing, judo or squash
- do not engage in diving because your baby has no protection against decompression sickness and gas embolism [1 9659036] Do not exercise at altitudes above 2500 m (780 ft) above sea level until you acclimate: this is because you and your child are at risk of altitude sickness
For more information, visit the NHS website.